Saturday, December 26, 2015

Veeratteswarar Temple, Thirukovilur, Villupuram

Veeratteswarar Temple, Thirukovilur, Villupuram
Sri Veeratteswarar Temple is situated in Kizhaiyur. Buses are available to this place. Before the main terminal of the bus stand, there is a stop, the (Govt. Hospital). One can take a share auto rickshaw from there or just walk from there (it would take just 5 minutes). The temple has been sung in praise by several Nayanmars. There is Lord Shiva (Sri Veeratteswarar) and his Parivarangals in this temple. This is one of the Veeratanams.


Legends say that from here, poet Avvayaar was taken to the Himalayas by Periya Pillayar. Avvayaar wrote the famous "Vinayagar Agavel" from here. In this temple, the Goddess Durgai Amman is having white eyes. Near the temple, there is a Samadhi of Meyporul Nayanaar. Sri Vinayaka in the temple is praised as Lord Periyanai Ganapathy and Muruga as Lord Shanmuga.


Tirukkovalur is one of the 8 Veeratta Stalams of Shiva and is also known as Kizhur or Killiyur. Tirukkovalur, also known as Thirukkovilur is located south of Thiruvannamalai. Also located in this town is the well known Ulagalanda Perumal Temple, one of the 108 Divya Desams of Vishnu. Across the river, is another Shivasthalam, Aramkandanallur. This is the 11th of the 22 Tevara Stalams in the Nadu Naadu region of Tamilnadu.


The eight Veeratta Stalams are TiruvatikaiTirukkurukkai, Tirukkadavur, Tiruvazhuvur, TirukkovalurTiruppariyalurTirukkandiyur and Tiruvirkudi. Tiruvazhuvur is considered to be a Tevara Vaippustalam, as it has no Patikams dedicated to it. Thiruganasambhandar and Appar had sung hymns in praise of Lord Shiva of this temple.


Iraivan: Veeratteswarar
Iraivi: Sivanthavalli, Periyanayagi
Legends
It so happened that the world became dark when Mother Parvathi covered the eyes of Lord Shiva which are but Sun and Moon in a play.  The darkness took the form of a demon.  Andhaka means darkness and also ignorance.  Life becomes dark due to ignorance.  Lord Shiva struck the Andhaka-darkness giant on his head with a club in his hand. The head of the demon began to bleed.  


Every drop of blood that fell on earth grew into a demon and war continued.  Mother Parvathi prevented the blood from falling down by collecting it in a bowl.  The blood that fell down became 8 vertical and 8 horizontal lines crosswise and thus made 64 squares.  With his power, Lord Shiva created 64 Bhairavas for each square and prevented further production of demons and blessed the Devas in the celestial world.  This later came to known as Vasthu Shanti Puja for Bhairavas.  This also personifies the destruction of ignorance leading to enlightenment.


When Saint Sundarar and Cheraman were proceeding to Mount Kailash through sky, Avvaiyar was performing puja to Lord.  She was hastening to complete the pujas as she also wanted to reach Mount Kailash, the abode of Lord Shiva.  Lord Vinayaka appeared before her and advised her not to be hasty.  Avvaiyar performed Ganapathi Puja chanting her noted Vinayagar Agaval and completed the puja patiently.  Lord Vinayaka took the Vishwarupa – covering both earth and heaven, took Avvayar and left her at Kailash before Sundarar and Cheraman reached the destination.  As he took a huge form, Vinayaka is praised as Peria Yanai-huge elephant.


This is depicted in a fresco and lifted Avvaiyar to Kailasam ahead of Sundarar and Cheran mamunivar. This is depicted in a fine fresco at the temple.


This is the temple where the princess Angavai and Sangavai daughters of King Parivallal were married to King Deiveegan by their guardian Avvaiyar.
Temple's Speciality
Lord Shiva in the temple is a swayambumurthy. The famous Vinayakar Agaval by divine poetess Avvaiyar dedicated to Vinayaka was sung in this temple. This is the place where Lord Shiva destroyed demon Andhakasura.


Of the eight Veeratta sthalas, this is the second with historical importance and antiquity. Lord Shiva in the sanctum sanctorum is with Bhairava power. Those afflicted with black magic and spells will be relieved of the evils if they worship in the temple.


The Vasthu Sastra widely followed in building plans now-a-days began from this place only. Planet Shukra was relieved of his curse. Saptha Madhas, Mother Maha Tripura Sundari, 64 Bhairavas and 64 Bhairavis came into being from this sacred land.
Greatness of Temple
Tirukoviloor has the reputation where the wedding of the daughters of noted Tamil philanthropist and King Pari Vallal, Angavai and Sangavai were celebrated with efforts of great poetess Avvaiyar and poet Kabilar.  The bridegroom was Deiveegan the king of the place.  The names linked to this wedding are the names of the villages surrounding Thirukovilur.  This is the place where noble and reputed Tamil poet Kabilar lived and placed his life to rest undertaking a fast.  The rock on which he was sitting facing north is even now known as Kabilar Hill.


Lord Muruga of this temple is praised in the Thirupugazh hymns of Arunagiriar. This is also the birth place of Meiporul Nayanar and Narasinga Munaiarayar.
Mother Vishnu Durga with her eight hands in the prakara is so merciful in her look with eyes pouring all blessings to devotees, ensuring removal of obstacles in wedding and job efforts.  Rahukala puja lamps on lime cups are offered in the shrine on Tuesdays (between 3.00-4.30 p.m.), on Fridays (between 10.30-12.00 a.m.) and Sundays between 4.30-6.00 p.m.
Lord Shanmuga wanted to perform Shiva Puja to cleanse himself of the sin of destroying the demons.  Ambica showed the place where the Vel fell from her hands.  Hence the place is known Tiru Kai Vel – Kai-hand and Vel a weapon.  Muruga performed his puja here and is praised by Arunagiriar in his Thirupugazh hymns.
Temple
The Ambal temple is located in a separate enclosure. Although much in need of repair, frescos on ceilings are of interest. The Rajagopuram is about 70 ft in height and the temple has 2 prakarams. Inscriptions from the Pallava period are found here. Also seen here are inscriptions from the period of Vijayalaya I, and Parantaka Chola I.
The Shivan Sannidhi is farthest from the gate. Amman is called Perianayaki, Shivanandavalli. She is in a separate sanctum with a serene face standing almost 5 feet tall. The sthala Vriksham is the Sara kondrai.
It is truly remarkable temple very rich in legends. Across the road is Shri Muthuswamy Iyer’s house where the young Ramana pledged his emerald earrings for Rs. 20/- to buy tickets to Thiruvannamalai after he had divine vision at the Arakandanallur temple.
Temple Opening Time
The temple is open from 6.00 a.m. to 11.00 a.m. and from 5.00 p.m. to 8.p.m.
Prayers
Lord offers mental peace to devotees and release from sins of the past birth.  There will be no worries about children under adverse planetary situations.  Any obstacle in the undertakings of the devotees would disappear.  Building plans will go off without problems as this is the place where Vasthu Sastra was born.  As planet Shukra – Venus was relieved of his curse here, no obstacle would occur in marriage talks.
Devotees arrange abishek to Lord and Mother with turmeric and cosmetic powder, panchamirtham, milk, curd, green coconut, sacred ash-vibhuti, sandal, rose water and offer vastras. Those seeking child boon tie cradles.
Singers
Saints Sambandar, Appar and Sundarar had sung the praise of the Lord of the temple in their Thevaram hymns.   Addressing the ignorant struggling for enlightenment, Saint Gnanasambandar advises them saying, “If you wish to know what is eternal and avoid letting your legs into mud and struggle to pick it up, think of the One with Ganga on His turf gracing at Veerattanam”.   This is the 11th Shiva temple in the Nadunadu region praised in Thevaram hymns.
Saints Sambandar, Appar and Sundarar had sung the praise of the Lord of the temple in their Thevaram hymns.
The famous Vinayakar Agaval by divine poetess Avvaiyar dedicated to Vinayaka was sung in this temple.
Festivals
Masi Magam in February-March with 10 day Brahmotsavam drawing huge crowd of devotees, Karthikai third Monday in November-December with conch abishek, All Aadi Fridays in July-August, Purattasi Navarathri in September – October, Aipasi Annabishekam, Skanda Sashti and Soora Samharam in October – November, Margazhi Tiruvadirai and Manickavasagar festival in December-January and Aani Thirumanjanam in June-July are the festivals grandly celebrated in the temple.
The annual festival is celebrated for 13 days in the month of Maasi (Aquarius) when Andhakasura Samharamurthy is taken in procession on the 6th day of the festival.  
Contact
Sri Veeratteswarar Temple,
Thirukovilur – 605 757
Villupuram district
Phone: +91-93456 60711
Connectivity
Thirukovilur is on the Panruti-Vellore route. Bus facilities are available from Villupuram. Keezhayur is very near the temple. Lot of buses are available from Villupuram, Thiruvannamalai, and Panruti.  
Nearest Railway Station: Villupuram on Kadpadi route
Nearest Airport: Chennai 

1 comment:

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