Friday, December 25, 2015

Ulagalantha Perumal Temple (Trivikrama Temple), Tirukoyilur - Festivals & Religious Practices

Ulagalantha Perumal Temple (Trivikrama Temple), Tirukoyilur - Festivals & Religious Practices
The temple priests perform the pooja (rituals) during festivals and on a daily basis. As at other Vishnu temples of Tamil Nadu, the priests belong to the Vaishnavaite community, a Brahmin sub-caste. The temple rituals are performed six times a day: Ushathkalam at 7 a.m., Kalasanthi at 8:00 a.m., Uchikalam at 12:00 p.m., Sayarakshai at 6:00 p.m., Irandamkalam at 7:00 p.m. and Ardha Jamam at 10:00 p.m.
Each ritual has three steps: Alangaram (decoration), neivethanam (food offering) and deepa aradanai (waving of lamps) for both Ulagalantha Perumal and Poongothai. During the last step of worship, nagaswaram (pipe instrument) and tavil (percussion instrument) are played, religious instructions in the Vedas (sacred text) are recited by priests, and worshippers prostrate themselves in front of the temple mast. There are weekly, monthly and fortnightly rituals performed in the temple.
Various festivals are celebrated in the temple, with the 15 day Panguni Brahmotsavam in March–April with Sri Pushpavalli Thayar Oonjal, being the most prominent one. During the Masi Magam festival celebrated in February–March, the festive deity is carried on the shoulders of devotees to Cuddalore.
Other festivals are Purattasi Pavithra Utsavavm, NavarathriSrirama Navami, Sri Ramanuja Jayanthi, Vasantha Utsavam in April–May, Vaikasi Visakam Garuda Seva, Nammazhwar Sattrumurai in May–June, Aani Periazhwar Sattrumurai in June–July, Aadi Thiruvaadipooram, Andal Utsavam in July–August, Avani Sri Jayanthi, Uriyadi utsavam in August–September, Aipasi Mudalazwar Sattrumurai, Sri Manavaala Maamunigal utsavam in October–November, Karthikai Kausika Ekadasi, Tirukarthikai in November–December, Margazhi Rapathu, Pagal Pathu and Vaikunta Ekadashi in December–January.
Besides the above, important days as Pongal – Makara Sankranti, Deepavali, Tamil and English New Year days are also observed with special pujas to Lord Trivikrama.
Religious significance
Pancha Kannan Temples
Loganatha Perumal Temple
Thirukannangudi
Gajendra Varadha Temple
Kabisthalam
Neelamegha Perumal Temple
Thirukannapuram
Bhaktavatsala Perumal Temple
Thirukannamangai
Ulagalantha Perumal Temple
Thirukkovilur
The temple is revered in Nalayira Divya Prabandham, the 7th–9th century Vaishnava canon, by Tirumazhisai Alwar in one hymn. The temple is classified as a Divyadesam, one of the 108 Vishnu temples that are mentioned in the book.
This temple is one of the Panchakanna (Krishnaranya) Kshetrams. Kannan refers to Krishna, the avatar of Vishnu, while Pancha means five and Kshetrams refers to holy places. Four of the five temples are situated in Chola Nadu, in modern times, in the region surrounding Kumbakonam and Nagapattinam and one of them in Nadu Naadu. Krishna is not the presiding deity in any of the temples. The processional deity, Krishna, led to the derivation of the names of these places. There are five similar temples located in North India, called Pancha-dvarakas. 

1 comment:

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