Friday, February 26, 2016

Thenupuriswarar Temple, Patteeswaram, Thanjavur

Thenupuriswarar Temple, Patteeswaram, Thanjavur
Thenupuriswarar Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to the god Shiva located in the holy village of PatteeswaramTamilnadu, India. The temple is incarnated by the hymns of Thirugnana Sambandar and is classified as Paadal Petra Sthalam. This Shivastalam is a shrine patronized ardently by the Cholas who had Pazhayarai (Patteeswaram) as one of their capitals. It is virtually next door to Darasuram, a storehouse of Chola art. 

Satthi Muttam is another shrine that is closely tied to Patteeswaram. The entire area around Pazhayarai Vadatali abounds in monuments and remains of monuments from the Chola period. Patteeswaram is considered to be the 23rd in the series of Tevara Stalams in the Chola kingdom located south of the river Kaveri. Patteeswaram was home to Saivaite mutts of great prosperity and influence; these mutts rendered invaluable services to the promotion of the Tevaram hymns and temple service. 

There are several stories relating to this huge temple that has 5 towering Gopurams including the 7 tier Rajagopuram. This is the 23rdSaivite Shrine South of Cauvery as praised in the Devaram.

Legends
For brief details, please refer below link;
History
Patteeswaram is also closely associated with Govinda Deekshithar, minister of Achyuta and Raghunatha Nayak rulers of Thanjavur (late 16th and early 17th centuries). Govinda Deekshithar is associated with the construction of the Ramaswami temple at Kumbhakonam, and the repairing and remodeling of the Mahamagam tank at Kumbhakonam, and the building of the Pushya mandapam at Tiruvaiyaru.

In centuries gone by, the landmark to this place was denoted as being South of Arasalaaru and North of Mudikondan River. In the 8th Century AD, Pallava King Nandivarman II built the beautiful Nandipura Vinnagaram -Jagannatha Perumal Temple (Divya Desam), a few kms East of Patteeswaram giving this region a grand stature and a rich place in history. Subsequently, Rajaraja Chozha, Rajendra Chozha and Kulothunga Chozha made this an integral part of their kingdom from where they made several important decisions.    .
Greatness of Temple
Mother Durga in the temple earlier was the custodian and advisor deity of the Chola kings for about a century including great Raja Raja Chola.  She was in the northern side of the palace in Patteeswaram.  Lord Bhairava, Lord Vinayaka and Lord Muruga were also in this palace shrine.  Either marching on a war or taking any important decision, they prayed to Mother Durga and sought her permission and approval. 

When their rule came to an end, Mother Durga is placed in this temple.
Mother Durga in the temple is not furious in look as usually seen in many temples.  She is all smiles, merciful sitting on her Lion vahanam turning on the left side against the traditional right facing, with her 8 hands, three eyes and hanging ear rings (Kundalam in Tamil) and other jewels.

Child Thirugnana Sambandar came to Patteeswaram on a scorching summer day after worshipping Lord in Tiruchatimuttram temple. To protect him from the Sun, Lord sent a cool pearl tent (Muthu Chivigai in Tamil) through his Bhooda Ganas. Moved by the grace of Lord, the saint was happy to worship Lord conveniently.  It is noteworthy, that Lord also asked Nandhi to move aside to see his saint devotee coming to him. The Little Saint placed his Pathigam – a set of 10 verses – beginning with the line Paadal Marai to his Lord.  This event is very devotionally celebrated in Aani month (June-July) in the temple each year. 

Daughter of divine cow Kamadenu Patti worshipped Lord here, hence the name Patteeswaram for the place.  An evil effect called Sayahati Dosha left Lord Sri Rama in this temple.  Mother Parasakthi performed penance on Lord here.  A Brahmin named Dharma Sharma was relieved of his Dog curse spelt by Sage Medhavi as a drop of the Gnanavari Theertha fell on him in this temple. It is also said that Sage Vishwamitra succeeded in this place only attaining the full power of Gayathri Mahamantra, according to some sources.

Sage Markandeya had worshipped Lord Patteeswarar in this temple. Mother Durga in the temple is praised as Vishnu Durga, Durga Lakshmi, Nava Shakti Nayaki, Navaratna Nayaki, Navayoga Nayaki, Navagraha Nayaki and Navarathri Nayaki.
The temple architecture of the temple belongs to Naicker period and has many paintings of Marathi beauty.   This is a very ancient temple in this region. 
The Temple
For brief details, please refer below link;
Durga Shrine
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Temple Opening Time
The temple is open from 6.00 a.m. to 11.00 a.m. and from 4.00 p.m. to 8.30 p.m.
Timings:
Poojas Offered
Timings
Monday-Sunday (Except Friday)
6.00 AM - 1.00 PM & 4.00 PM - 9.00 PM
Friday
6.00 AM - 1.00 PM & 4.00 PM - 10.00 PM
Friday (During Aadi Month)
4.00 AM - 1.00 PM & 4.00 PM - 12.00 Mid Night
Festivals
For brief details, please refer below link;
Singers
The glory of the Lord of the temple is praised by Saint Gnana Sambandar in his Thevaram hymns.  This is the 23rd Shiva temple on the southern bank of Cauvery praised in Thevaram hymns.
Prayers
Devotees pray to Mother Durga for relief from the adverse aspects of serpent planets Rahu and Ketu during the Rahu Kalam times, on Tuesdays, Fridays and Sundays in particular and on new moon, full moon, Ashtami and Navami days and for child and wedding boons and from the adverse aspect of Mars-Sevvai planet. 
Devotees to pray powerful Lord Bhairava for relief from enemy threats, cure from ailments, poison and dog bites. Devotees pray to Lord Patteeswara for relief from worries and for mental peace, job opportunities, and progress in trade and promotions in jobs.
Realizing their wishes, devotees offer lime fruit garlands, light lime cup lamps, offer sari to Mother Durga. Bhairava Ashtami abishek is performed on Lord Bhairava on the Ashtami day in new moon fortnight. Abhishek is offered to Lord Patteeswara with milk, green coconut, rose water, sandal, sacred ash, cosmetic powders, rice flour, honey and oil.
On Karthikai Monday days in November abishek is performed to Lord with 1008 conch Theertha. They also offer vastras to Lord and Mother. Feeding-Annadhana, distribution of nivedhanas to devotees and contribution to temple renovation are other commitments undertaken by the devotees. Dhenupureeswarar Temple, Patteeswaram attracts devotees who have the negative effects of the snake planets Rahu and Kethu.
Tuesdays, Fridays, New and Full Moon days are special for Durga worship. Women come here to pray for a good bridegroom for their daughters. Lemon garlands and saris are offered to Durga. Red flower garlands are offered to alleviate the evil influence of Mars.
Contact
Sri Thenupuriswarar Temple,
Tiru Patteeswaram, Thanjavur
Phone: +91- 435- 2416976.
Connectivity
The temple is located 6 km away from Kumbakonam on the Kumbakonam- Aavoor road. The temple is 3 km away from Darasuram. The best mode is taking town buses from Kumbakonam or mini buses from Darasuram. The nearest railway station (2 Kms) Darasuram is situated on the Thanjavur - Kumbakonam section of the Southern Railway.
The temple is surrounded by vast streets on all the four sides. The temple is one of the most visited temples in the district. The temple is on the Kumbakonam-Dharasuram route. Bus facility is available from Kumbakonam. Nearest Major Railway Station is located at Kumbakonam & Nearest Airport is located at Trichy.
This temple is located at about 6 Kms south-west of Kumbakonam and about 3 Kms south-east of Swamimalai. Bus facilities are available from Kumbakonam and Thanjavur. Town Bus and mini bus are available for every half hour from Kumbakonam Bus Stand. One can also board Aavoor bound bus to reach the Patteeswaram temple.

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