Thursday, February 25, 2016

Tiruvaappaadi Palunkandanathar Temple, Thanjavur

Tiruvaappaadi Palunkandanathar Temple, Thanjavur
Palunkandanathar Temple is a Hindu temple located at Tiruvaipadi in Thanjavur district of TamilnaduIndia. The historical name of the place is Tiru Aippadi. The presiding deity is Shiva. He is called as Palunkanda Nathar. His consort is known as Periyanayaki.

Legends
Visara Saruman was the son of a Brahmin Echathan and Pavithra.  He learnt all arts in his young age.  His Upanayanam-sacred thread ceremony was performed when he was seven.  He had no thoughts in mind but Lord Shiva alone.  He saw a shepherd beating a calf that attempted to hit him.  Visara Saruman took the job from him and cared for the cattle.  As he was as kind as a mother, the cows produced plenty of milk.
As Visara Saruman was always drowned in Shiva thoughts, he made a Linga with the sands of Manniyar River, installed it under an Aathi tree and performed pujas and abishek with the milk he got from the cows.  The cows also gave high measures of milk to their owners too.  Those who saw Visara Saruman performing abishekam to Lord with the milk of the cows complained that he was wasting the milk meant for yajnas.  His father too saw him doing pujas abishekam from a hiding.  The angry father beat him and upset the milk pots.
As Visara Saruman was deep in his worship, not knowing the person upsetting the milk pots, attacked him with a stick, still continuing his worship.  The stick turned into an axe and cut the legs of the father.  Lord along with Mother Parvathi granted darshan to Visara Saruman and said that he cut his father’s legs because of his devotion and thenceforth he would be his father and honoured with Kondrai flower garland. He was wearing then.  Lord also named him Chandikeswara.
As the Lord was happy to accept the milk-Paal in Tamil, He is praised as Paal Ukantha (accepted) Nathar-Lord, Paal Ukantha Nathar. As Visara Saruman grazed the Aas-Cows, the place came to be known as Aipadi.
Significance
It is one of the shrines of the 275 Paadal Petra Sthalams - Shiva Sthalams glorified in the early medieval Tevaram poems by Tamil Saivite Nayanar Tirunavukkarasar.
The Temple
The front Mandapam of the temple is designed as the forehead of bats.  Mother’s shrine at the right is facing south.  The shrines of Lord Bhairava, Sun God, and Sani Bhagwan are in the Mahamandapam. Chandikeswara among the 63 Nayanmars is the only one with Easwara title.  Seignalur near this place is his birth place.  Tiruvaipadi is the place where he installed Linga and worshipped and attained salvation.  His shrine is close to the sanctum sanctorum.

Temple Opening Time
The temple is open from 7.00 a.m. to 11.00 a.m. and from 5.00 p.m. to 7.30 p.m.
Festivals
Lord Chandeswarar Brahmotsavam is celebrated the new moon day following Shivrathri in February-March.
Prayers
Devotees offer vastras to Lord and Mother and contribute to temple renovation funds. Devotees offer vastras to Lord and Mother and contribute to temple renovation funds.
Literary Mention
The temple is praised by Saint Tirunavukkarasar in his Thevaram hymns. This is the 40th Lord Shiva temple on the northern bank of Cauvery praised in Thevaram hymns.
Tirunavukkarasar describes the feature of the deity as:
அண்டமா ரமரர் கோமா னாதியெம் மண்ணல் பாதம்
கொண்டவன் குறிப்பி னாலே கூப்பினான் றாப ரத்தைக்
கண்டவன் றாதை பாய்வான் காலற வெறியக் கண்டு
தண்டியார்க் கருள்கள் செய்த தலைவராப் பாடி யாரே
Contact
Sri Palunkanda Nathar Temple,
Tiruvaipadi-612 504, Thirupanandal post,
Tiruvidaimarudur Taluk, Thanjavur district
Phone: +91- 94421 67104
Connectivity
This Temple is located 2.5 Kms from Tiruppanandal, another Paadal Petra Sthalam. This sthalam is situated on the Kumbakonam - Anaikarai road and is before Tiruppanandal. Thirupanandal is 18 km from Kumbakonam on the Chennai road. Tiruvaipadi is near Thirupanandal. Nearest Railway Station is located at Aduthurai & Nearest Airport is located at Trichy.

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