Brahma Gnanapureeswarar Temple, Korukkai, Pazhayarai
Brahma Gnanapureeswarar Temple is dedicated to Hindu God Shiva located in Keezha Korukkai, Pazhayarai near Kumbakonam in the South Indian State of Tamilnadu. This temple has Lord Siva as its presiding deity along with the Goddess Pushpavathi. As the temple is very ancient it is little bit worn-out and the path to this temple is stashed between bushes, yet a visit to this temple is worth in terms of its archaeological beauty.
This is another temple of Chola period under ruins at Korkai, some 3km from Patteeswaram. Brahma Gnanapureeswarar temple will bring tears to those who witness the present status of the great shrine. In the absence of compound walls, the outer prakaram is open for cattle’s to enter freely. The legend says that the Lord has been worshipped here by Brahma, Moon God, and Gorakka, a Siddha.
Gorakka Siddha cutting of his hands as repentance:
Gorakka Siddha came to this temple on his pilgrimage to Shiva temples. He stayed in a mutt here where many devotees were also staying. While he woke up at midnight, he was shocked to see a woman sleeping by his side and her sari on his hands. As repentance, he cut off his hands and stayed in the mutt for some time. He bathed in Chandra Pushkarani and worshipped Gnanapuresswarar and Pushpavalli.
Pleased with the devotion of Gorakkar, Lord appeared before him and restored his hands. As hands were cut here, the place is called Korakkai and as the Siddha worshipped with short hands (after being cut), it is called Kurukkai. Changing with times, finally, it is now Korukkai.
Story behind the name Brahma Gnanapureeswarar:
Two demons Madhu and Kaidapa snatched the Vedas from Brahmma and hide them under the sea. They were redeemed by Lord Vishnu and handed back to Brahmma. Yet Brahmma could not perform his creation job efficiently.
As Advised by Lord Vishnu, Brahmma worshipped Lord Shiva here and regained Gnana-wisdom on Avittam star day in the month of Aavani and resumed his creation job efficiently. As the Lord imparted Gnana to Brahamma, he is praised as Gnanapureeswarar.
All Siva temples will have one Nandi (bull) before the Lord but out of usual there are two Nandis before Lord Siva and Pushpavathi and it is believed that if we offer cashew and groundnut garland to the Nandis our struggles will cease and we will have good fortune. Avittam nakshatra people are advised to visit this temple to release themselves from their planetary effects and to break the obstacles in their marriage and child birth.
Greatness of Temple
The place assumed Avittam star importance, as Lord Brahmma attained wisdom on this day. It is advised that Avittam star people visit this temple as often as they could or on the particular star day or birthday or on the star day falling in the month of Avani (August-September) and follow a step by step pradakshina which would favorably change their destiny totally.
Devotees pray here for the education of their children, business development mental peace. As there are lines in foot too as in our fingers, it is advised that the step by step pradakshina should be done by pressing the feet so that the prints should be recorded in the temple soil. The temple was built during the period of Kulothunga III.
Lord Shiva in the temple is a swayambumurthy. The Nandi Mandapam in this temple has two Nandhis side by side; one facing the Lord and the other facing the Goddess. The temple has a big heritage and was flourishing with 7 Praharams during the Cholas time.
There is an idol of Korakkar with folded hands in the open mandapa. It could also be an idol of Kulothunga Chola III and the identity is yet to be confirmed. Near this idol one can also see idols of Adhikara Nandi and Saptha Swara Ganesha.
There was no gopuram at the main entrance – It probably existed till a few hundred years ago, when this temple had seven praharas and a large, majestic tank. There is an open mandapam which has exquisite icons. This temple is said to have been built during the times of Kulothunga Chola III.
The sculptures of Ganapathi, Dhakshinamurthy, Ardhanareeswara and Durga on the Goshtas are outstanding. The front hall of the sanctum presents wonderful sculptures of Subramanya, Kiratha Murthi and Adhikara Nandhi with his Devi. Nandis facing Siva and Devi have a common shelter which is a rare sight.
There are shrines for Vinayaka, Muruga with his consorts Valli and Deivanai, Adhikara Nandhi with his consort, twin Bhairavas, Sun, Dakshinamurthi, Brahmma, Mother Durga and Lord Arthanareeswarar in the corridor-prakara. Patteeswaram and Darasuram temples also are nearby.
The Granite structure above the Sanctum and the front Mandapam are threatened by wild growth of trees. Their thick roots have gone deep inside and created wide gaps at many places. Devi shrine, though small, is damaged everywhere. Pooja is done once a day when the priest arrives in the afternoon from Kumbakonam. Hence it will not be possible to have Dharshan of the deities due to non-availability of the priest at this place except at Noon.
Temple Opening Time
The temple is open from 11.00 a.m. and 1.00 p.m. and from 5.00 p.m. to 6.00 p.m.
Mahasivarathri is grandly celebrated in the temple in February-March.
The place assumed Avittam star importance, as Lord Brahmma attained wisdom on this day. It is advised that Avittam star people visit this temple as often as they could or on the particular star day or birthday or on the star day falling in the month of Avani (August-September) and follow an Adi pradakshina which would favorably change their destiny totally. Avittam starrers pray here for relief from any adverse planetary reasons. Devotees pray for removal of obstacles in marriage efforts, good education and for brain health and family unity.
Devotees pray here for the education of their children, business development mental peace. As there are lines in foot too as in our fingers, it is advised that the Adi pradakshina should be done by pressing the feet so that the prints should be recorded in the temple soil.
It is believed that praying the twin Nandhis in the temple with a garland made of cashew and groundnut would fetch expected results to the devotee. The temple is in a dilapidated condition. Avittam starrers and the public are requested to contribute liberally for the renovation of the temple.
Sri Brahmma Gnanapureeswarar Temple,
Keezha Korukkai – 61- 401,
Phone: +91-435-240 2660
Mobile: +91 98658 04862, 94436 78579
The temple is 4 km from the western bank of Kumbakonam Mahamaha tank. Korukkai can be reached by buses to Marudanallur running through Darasuram, Muzhayur. Buses from Kumbakonam bus stand will take you to this village. Nearest railway station is located at Kumbakonam & Nearest Airport is located at Trichy.