Wednesday, July 27, 2016

Ulagalantha Perumal Temple, Kanchipuram – The Temple

Ulagalantha Perumal Temple, Kanchipuram – The Temple
The temple has an area of about 60,000 square feet (5,600 m2) and has a three tiered Rajagopuram (main towers) with seven kalasas. The temple houses four Divya Desams on its own - they are Thirukkaarvaanam, Thirukkaarakam, Tiruooragam and Thiruneerakam. This is a unique feature which can’t be seen anywhere. It is a great benediction to Kanchi to have 4 “Divya Desams” in a single temple.

It is believed that all the shrines were probably separate temples, but the circumstances which lead do these temples getting housed in the Ulagalantha Perumal temple is not known. Thirumangai Azhwar has sung praises of all the four temples in a single verse. The temple tank, Naga Tirtha, is located outside the main temple complex.

The temple is revered by the verses of Tirumangai Alvar and Thirumazhisai Aazhwar. Thaayar of the temple is Amudhavalli (Amirthavalli) and the festival deity of the temple is Loganathan. The temple is located 6 feet lower than the ground level or you need step down 8 steps to reach the main temple. 

Moolavar is known as Thiruvikraman or Ulagalantha Perumal (one who measured the Earth) in a standing posture facing west. The image of Ulagalantha Perumal is over 35 ft. (11 m) in height and 24 feet wide depicted with his left leg at a right angle to the body and parallel to the ground.

The right leg is seen placed on the head of Mahabali with two fingers on his left hand stretched out referring to the two steps he took to measure the two worlds and the stretched finger on his right hand indicating the question the posted to Mahabali as to where he could place his third step.

The roof of the sanctum, the vimana has an elevated roof to accommodate the huge image of the presiding deity. Here the vimanam (temple dome) is in the form of “Saara Srikara Vimanam”. The gigantic Ulagalantha Perumal is special to Kanchipuram and a Lord of this size, and in this form, cannot be seen in any other Divya Desam.

The central shrine of temple is most commonly referred as Peragam, while the smaller shrine where the image of the snake god Adisesha is houses is called Tiruooragam. As per tradition, Mahabali at the foot of Vamana could not view the Viswaroopam and requested to have a smaller form. Vishnu obliged and appeared as a snake in a smaller shrine. The shrine is frequented by childless couple praying for offspring.

The shrine is located on the third precinct of the temple. As per Hindu legend, sage Garga performed his penance at this temple and obtained knowledge. The place thus derived its name Garagaham, which later became Kaaragam. The presiding deity of the shrine is Karunakara Perumal facing north and seated on Adisesha and his consort Padmamani Nachiar. The temple tank associated with it is called Agraya Tirtha and the vimana is called Vamana Vimanam or Ramya Vimanam. By praying to this perumal, a person will get good knowledge.

For brief details, please refer below link;
The shrine is located in the second precinct. The presiding deity is called Kalvar and faces north, while his consort is Kamalavalli Thayar. Gauri Tatakam and Taratara Tatakam are the temple tanks associated with the temple and the vimana is called Pushkala Vimana. There is a separate Shrine for Aranavalli Thayar.

For brief details, please refer below link;
The temple has no presiding deity, but just a festive image probably brought from other shrine. The images of the festival deity, Jagadiswara, facing east and having four arms, is housed in a hall in the second precinct. The water body associated with the temple is Akrura Tirtham and the vimana is Jagadiswara Vimanam.

As per Pillai Perumal Aiyangar in his Nurrettrutiruppatiyantati, Vishnu revealed himself to a sage in the form of a child in a banyan leaf.

For brief details, please refer below link;
Inside this Sthalam, other 3 divyadesams namely, Neeragam, Kaaragam and Kaarvaanam are found. The Vimanam and Pushkarani are found to be so damaged. In Thai month (mid of January month to mid of February month) a very big utsavam is done. Doing Thirumanjanam (divine bath to Perumal) for Ooragathan is said to cure all sorts of problems. It is believed that this Lord fulfills the prayers of unwedded girls and childless couples.

A framed picture of this lord can be found on the inner prakaram of Perundevi Thaayaar (Thayar Sannidhi in Varadarajar temple – Kanchipuram), the picture is identified as ‘Kalyana Naagar’. You can notice devotees tracing the profile of the lord with manjal (turmeric) Prasadam.

Moolavar & Thaayar:
The Moolavar of this sthalam is Thiruvikraman. Other names are Sri Ulagalantha Perumal. Lord gave Prathyaksham for Adiseshan. Moolavar is in Ulagai (World) alantha kolam.
·        Thaayar: Amudhavalli (Amirthavalli). 
·        Utsavar:  Loganathan.
·        Thirumazhisai Alwar - 2 Paasurams
·        Thirumangai Alwar - 4 Paasurams
·        Naaga Theertham
·        Sesha Theertham
·        Saara Srikara Vimanam

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