Tuesday, September 13, 2016

Kailasanathar Temple, Kovalam, Kanchipuram

Kailasanathar Temple, Kovalam, Kanchipuram
Kailasanathar Temple is dedicated to Hindu God Shiva located at Kovalam in the ECR road in Kanchipuram District of Tamilnadu. Sri Kailasanathar Temple, tucked away on a quiet street off the main road dates back to the eighth century AD, according to Archaeology Department sources. They say that there are inscriptions on the Aavudaiyar (lingam) and on the surrounding walls to show that the temple was built centuries ago.





This is a parihara sthalam for Marriage obstacles. There is a strange custom of women facing marriage problems tie the wedding knot to Mother directly themselves in the shrine. Men tie the knot to Nandhi before Lord Shiva shrine.






The Temple
Presiding Deity is called as Kailasanathar and Mother is called as Kanakavalli Thayar. Avudaiyar of the Shiva Lingam has inscriptions. Perhaps, it is the only temple with inscriptions on the avudaiyar itself. The Aavudaiyar bears an inscription ‘Sri Satheruman Murthiper.' ‘Sat' means a trade guild and ‘Satheruman' refers to the Lord. This, along with other inscriptions engraved in the ‘Adishtanam' (base) of the ‘maha mandapam (inner mandapam on the eastern side) were discovered by the State Department of Archaeology in 2000.




According to the ASI (Archeological Survey of India) the script on the inscription is paleographically dated to 8th Century AD. The base of the maha mandapam has a 3 line inscription throughout. At certain places they have been painted red recently to enable easy reading of the inscriptions. The ardha mandapam has some exquisite bronzes - Shiva Parvathi with Somaskanda with a small Nataraja on the arch with a Standing Vinayaka, Ambal etc.




There are three Shrines of Ganapthi in the Mahamandapam. Gubera Ganapathy is facing the North (the direction of Guberan); Vijaya Ganapathy in another shrine gives success in exam and profession; Sivasakthi Ganapathy is present in the Koshtam. In the external circumambulation passage, Shrines of Dakshinamurthy, Navagraha, Brahma, and Sathya Narayana are located.




The mandapam that housed Navagraha was visibly very old and almost dilapidated with roots of creepers all over them. The little shikara and stupi atop the Rishaba Mandapam and the Vimanam were so eroded. Besides the presiding deity, the temple has separate sannidhis for the Lord's consort Kanakavalli and Subramanya with his consorts Valli and Deivanai. A unique feature here is the presence of three Ganesa sannidhis — Kubera Ganapathi, Vijaya Ganapathi and Siva Sakti Ganapathi.




The nearly 200 sq. ft. mandapam on the northern side has deities of Lord Venkateswara flanked by Bhuma Devi and Surya, a huge Lingam, Kalikambal and Swarna Bhairavar. The pillars bear sculptures depicting scenes from the Ramayana. There is also one sculpture that shows Siva pushing Yama with his foot to save Markandeya.




However, the gopuram, the walls of the sanctum sanctorum and the outer walls have developed cracks. The growth of weeds and plants on the gopuram, with their roots making their way inside the sanctum sanctorum through the roof is testimony to the neglect of the centuries-old place of worship and the threat to its very existence.




The Sri Kailasanathar Temple, tucked away in a quiet street branching off from the main road — hardly 300 metres from the seashore — dates back to the Eighth Century A.D., according to Archaeology Department sources. They say that there is proof in the form of inscriptions on the Aavudaiyar (Lingam) and on the surrounding walls to show that the temple was built centuries ago.




The Sanctum Santorum and the Outer Mandapam were built in the 13th Century A.D. “In fact, an inscription dating to this period is found on the Dakshinamurthy idol. The inscription states the name of the merchant who installed the idol. There are also other stone sculptures and inscriptions belonging to the 16th century in the temple.




Temple Opening Time
The temple is open from 6.30 a.m. to 12.30 p.m. and from 4.00 p.m. to 7.30 p.m.
Festivals
Tirukarthikai in November-December, Mahasivarathri in February-March and Pradosham days are observed in the temple. Special Pujas are conducted on Poornima days-full moon days to Lord and Mother.
Contact
Sri Kailasanathar Temple,
Kovalam, Kancheepuram district
Phone: +91- 44- 2747 2235
Mobile: +91 – 98403 64782
Connectivity
Kovalam is 37 km from Chengalpattu and 29 km from Tambaram. Bus facilities are available from Chennai from various points. Nearest Railway Station is located at Chennai and Nearest Airport is located at Chennai.

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