Saturday, September 26, 2015

Sangameshwarar Temple, Bhavani, Erode

Sangameshwarar Temple, Bhavani, Erode
Sangameshwarar ālayam is a temple in Bhavani, in the Erode district, of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. The temple was built at the confluence of Kaveri riverBhavani River and ‘agaya gangai’, an invisible underground water source. This is the 261st Devara Paadal Petra Shiva sthalam and 3rd sthalam in Kongu Nadu. Thiruganasambandar has sung hymns in praise of Lord Shiva of this temple.

The temple was praised in old Tamil literatures Thirupugazh, Pillaithamizh by Thirugnanasambandar and Arunagiriyar, as Thirunana. Sangameswarar alayam has a huge hall for social events, a beautiful river side garden, round boat ride, swimming and bathing area in the confluence of Kaveri & Bhavani River, and an elephant too. Here Kaveri RiverBhavani River and Amudha River join together. River Amudha flow as Antharvahini, just like Sarasvathy at Triveni Sangamam of Allahabad. The place is also known as Dakshina Triveni Sangamam.
This place is also known as Padhuma Giri which is surrounded by Naga Giri, Veda giri, Sanga Giri and Mangala Giri. The temple is known as Kooduthurai by locals.
This temple is called in nayanmar’s songs as Thirunana.  The holy temple was praised by nayanmar Thirunanasampathar and Thiruppugal Arunagirinathar.  This Temple is also known as parikara Thalam.  So in the south of the temple in the place of koodudurai the purokits (priests) performing poojas ie; parikara like nagadhosa, Sevvaidhosa, Marriage dhosa, Navagraha dhosa and other dhosas. 

The nearest Railway station at bhavani is Erode which is located 16 kms from the temple. Nearest Airport at Coimbatore is 100 kms away from Bhavani and bus station of Bhavani is located 1 Km from the temple.  Car, bus, auto facilities are there to reach the temple. 
History and myths
Sangameswarar Temple complex in Thirunanaa is the abode of Shiva and is spread over 4 acres of land. The Rajagopuram (main tower) is to the north and has 5 tiers. The Adikesava Perumal (God, Vishnu) and Soundaravalli Thaayar (mother goddess) shrines and Lord Narasimha’s (Vishnu’s man-lion head incarnation) shrine in between are at the entrance to Sangameswar’s temple. The cow behind the Vishnu statue reminds us of the harmony between Shaivism and Vaishnavism. The local belief is that every inch of ground under the temple has one Shivalingam!

The shrine with a mandapam of Sangameswarar’s consort, Goddess Vedhanayaki (law giver) faces east and can be found in front of the sanctum containing the main deity. A unique feature of this mandapam is that there are two identical statues on the pillars on either side facing the sanctum. When water is poured over these images, one reveals a smiling expression and the other a sad expression. This is a classic example of the craftsmanship of sculptors in India.
To the right of Vedhanayaki’s shrine is the image of Somaskanda featuring Lord Subrahmanya flanked by his parents Siva and Parvathi. To the south you can find the images of the 63 Nayanmars, the Shaiva saints. Surprisingly, Thirumuruga Kripananda Vaariyaar Swamy, a modern day storyteller who is famous for his Kathakaalakshepam (musical storytelling) finds his place as the 64th Nayanmar.
The circumambulatory path is behind the sanctum and houses Lord Shiva as Pancha Bhootha Lingams, the representations of the five elements. The shrine of Dakshinamoorthy, the primary teacher in the circumambulatory path, depicts a very short Kallala tree under which he is usually seated. This one looks more like the pleated frill of a turban. The Sthala Vriksham (temple tree) is Ilandhai Maram, (Jujuba Tree). It is under this tree that Lord Shiva appeared before Kubera as a Swayambulingam. The Ilandhai tree gives fruit in all seasons and it is used for the daily puja even today.
At Sangameswarar Temple, there are separate shrines for Shani Bhagavan (Saturn) and Dattatreya near the Kubera Lingam. A unique feature of this temple is that there is a separate shrine for Jurahareshwara (Lord of Fever) who has three heads, three arms and three legs, an image found only in a few temples in Tamil Nadu. The Dwarapalakas (gate keepers) too feature three heads, arms and legs. To be relieved of fever and other ailments, devotees believe that an offering of boiled rice, pepper rasam (dhal soup) and araikeerai kootu (maranth greens dhal) will be effective.

To the left of the sanctum is a special chamber that houses the Golden Cot given to the temple by the British Collector, William Garrow in 1804. During the rule of the Cheras, Cholas and Pandyas, it is said that there was an underground connection between Chidambaram and Sangameshwarar temple. Till date, puja’s are performed at the same time in both temples. There is a huge book shop in front of Vedhanayagi’s shrine selling interesting devotional literature.
This temple is frequented by the foreigners, north and south Indian peoples and worshipped the lord Sangameshwarar and got blessings of the Lord.
Sangameshwarar temple with its majestic Five Tier Rajagopuram along with Kottai Vinayagar in Left and Kottai Anjaneyar in right side, kodimaram, Palipeedam and lighting monolithic stone pillar is a visual treat.
Daily Komadha Pooja (Cow Pooja) is performed by temple priest, at that time sweet pudding i.e.; (pongal, banana etc) are given to temple cow. This is performed daily for the welfare of the worshippers in the mundane (world). It is a religious belief that the pooja gives wealth to all. All Hindu gods and goddesses are dwelled in the parts of cow.
Sixty Three Nayanmars who worshipped the lord siva and praised the lord in religious songs such as Thevaram, Thiruvasagam are depicted in worshipping postures. The Architectural and iconographical feature of Lord Dakshinamoorthy (Sannathi) shrine facing in the side of south above the shrine of melthala two mono lithic stone chain with five rings on both sides of shrine is a rare piece in architectural feature in south India. In Saiva religion  Lord Siva is depicted in the form of pancha bootha ligam ie; prithivilinga (sand from of liga) Appulinga (Water form of linga) and Akasa linga (Eather form of linga). It reveals the fact that everything”s constituted of five elements.
Pradosha Nandhi Abisekam is done at the evening time of every thiryodasi (13th day of full moon (or) new moon), large scale of abiseka is performed by the priest ie; gurukkal.
One cradle has been donated by an European collector and it was made by the tusk of elephant to vedanayagi amman and he has signed on the frame of cradle.
The temple got a precious Ambal statue, a Hindu goddess donated by a district collector during British period for saving his life. Of all the seven holy Shiva centers of the Kongu Region, Bhavani is known as Thirunana in script. The holy waters of Sangameswarar temple is known as Cauvery theerthamSurya Theertham and Gayatri theertham. Worshipping Amirtha Lingam gives blessings to the couple to get children. 
Kubera, son of Vaisira was gifted with an aircraft in recognition of his devotion to Lord Shiva. While visiting all the Shiva temples in various places in the country, he saw an Ilandhai tree on the banks of Cauvery where the deer, tiger, cow, elephant, snake and the rat were drinking water without any sign of enmity it was a place inhabited by holy men, gandharvas and such good people. Kubera heard a voice from the sky saying that the Vedas came to the Earth on this place near the Ilandhai Tree and there was a Shivalinga beneath it and advised him to worship the Lord and reap the benefits. The Lord appeared before Kubera. At his request, the Lord is named as Alagesan.
Pooja Timings & Fee Structure
5.00 A.M.
8.00 A.M.
12.00 P.M.
4.00 P.M.
Saaya Rakshai
5.15 P.M.
Palliarai (Artha Jama Pooja)
8.30 P.M.
Opening Time
5.00 A.M. to 1.00 P.M.
4.00 P.M. to 8.30 P.M.
Pooja Fees
Special Entrance Fee
Nagathosa Parikaram 1
Special Nagathosa Parikaram 1
Kududhurai Il Marriage
Security Car
Kuluviner Thakum kutil 1
Kuluviner Thakum viduthi 1
Marriage Hall
Kodi Arichani Mandapam
13 days Car festival in the Tamil Month of Chithirai (April-May) is the most famous festival attracting lakhs of devotees. This temple attracts large devotees on Adiperukku day, Amavasyas (especially Thai Aamavasya) & eclipse days. Devotees from other states would be large in numbers during November and December months corresponding to Tamil Karthikai and Margazhi. Also special pujas are performed to the Lord and Goddess on English and Tamil New Year days, Pongal and Deepavali days.
There will be heavy crowd during new moon days and 18th of Adi Tamil month (July-August). Devotees offer pujas to Mother Cauvery with coconut, fruits, flowers, ear rings made of palm leaves, black pearls etc. It is a scene of great delight. Also those who bathe in the confluence spot of Cauvery and Bhavani rivers during the Solar and Lunar Eclipse attain salvation. They offer fine clothing to the Lord and the Goddess.
In the month of Cithirai(Tamil month) three festivals will be celebrated. The first one is Tamil new year, second one is New Moon day (cithara pournami) & next is "Cithirai Thiruvizha" alias "Bramotsawam" will be celebrated in a grand manner. It will be celebrated for 13 days and it’s a famous one in this temple.
In this month Vaikasi; Visagam is celebrated in murugan temple.
Aadi perruku, Aadi ammavaasai (No moon day) & Aadippuram  will be celebrated in a grand fashion in this temple.
In this month Vinayakar sathurthi is celebrated and specialy for Kottai Vinayakar temple (in front of rajakopuram ) celebrated in a grand manner (Abhisegam&poojas).Other special poojas like Aavani Avitam, Varalaximi Viratham, Kokulasdami and Krishnajainthi.
In this month Navarathiri pooja is celebrated for Vethanayaki amman Temple. This pooja is celebrated for nine days. In this month every saturday special pooja's for Perumaal will be conducted.
Deepavali will be celebrated with different Poojas in this temple. The Kandha Shasti festival is celebrated in Subramaniyar temple name as "Surashamgra Vizha" and the famous Annabhisegam procession for Sangameswarar will be celebrated on new moon day of this month.
Karthikai Deepam festival is celebrated in Sivan temple and Perumaal Temple. Special poojas for Sangameswarar and Vethanayaki amman will be done at the day of "Soma Vaaram".
"Gowsiga Agathasi" is celebrated in sangameswarar temple."Vaikunda egathasi" is celebrated in Aathikesavapperumaal Temple.
Full moon day, Thaipusam and Sangaranthi/pongal will be celebrated in this temple in grand fashion. The day after Sangaranthi; Lot of people along with their families will assemble in the place called “Anaithoppu" and eat food in the name as" cithira annam".
Massi Maga Natsathiram and Sivaraathiri are very special for this temple at this month.At the day of sivaraathiri arulmigu sangameswarar temple door open for 24 hrs.
Sri Rama Navami is celebrated in Perumaal Temple. Panguni uttharam is very special for Lord Murugan temple.
Other Special Poojas
Ø Kiruthikai is celebrated at Murugan temple for every month.
Ø Friday's in tamil month Aadi and Thai (4 friday's) is very special in Amman Temple.
Ø Thirivilakku pooja is famous on every friday at Amman Temple.
Ø Special poojas for Amirthalingam and Sakasralingam at New moon day.
Lodging Facility is available for Devotees.
• Group Cottage Rs.350.00
• Group Lodge Rs.350.00
• Rest room per day Rs.50.00
• Extra persons per head Rs.10.00 for rest room
Annadhana Thittam was launched in this temple from 23.03.2002.  Daily minimum 120 devotees were given meals at 12.15 Noon. 
Those who are interested to provide Annadhanam can deposit rupees Twenty Five Thousand(Rs.15000) in the temple, Any One day of your choice Annadhanam will be provided to the devotees from the interest amount of deposit. Further one day Annadhanam will be provided for Rs.1500/- Those who are willing to offer donation are requested to contact the Executive Officer in the temple. Donations are eligible for deduction under section 80G of the IT Act.
Assistant commissioner / Executive Officer,
Arulmigu Sangameswarar Temple,
Bhavani Kudal,
Bhavani - 638 301,
Erode District.
Ph: (04256) - 230192.


Dev Kumar said...

Great work! I love the way you have present this so beautifully! keep writing!
Performed puja online

Swathi said...

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