Wednesday, October 20, 2021

Nellukadai Mariyamman Temple, Nagapattinam – Legends

Nellukadai Mariyamman Temple, Nagapattinam – Legends

As per legend, a rice trader named Periya Nagathammal in this town was known for her honesty and integrity. One day, a young lady in yellow saree, came to her shop and wanted to buy some rice. The trader went inside to bring rice for her. While fetching the rice, the trader was thinking about the alluring face of the lady and desired to see her face once again. She brought the rice from inside for her and found her missing.

She was disappointed in missing the lady and went to bed for sleep. The same lady appeared in her dream. The trader was very happy to see her again and asked her about whereabouts. The young lady revealed that she was none other than Mariyamman. Further, she said that she was present in an ant hill below the neem tree in the nearby place. Mariyamman ordered her to build a temple for her in that place.

The trader was thrilled and explained her strange dream to the locals. The trader along with locals went to the anthill and found the idol of Mariyamman in the anthill. As ordered, she built a temple for Mariyamman with the help of the locals in that place. As the temple was associated with the rice trader, the temple came to be called Nellukadai (rice shop) Mariamman temple.

Tuesday, October 19, 2021

Panchavateeswarar Temple, Anandha Thandava Puram – The Temple

Panchavateeswarar Temple, Anandha Thandava Puram – The Temple

This Temple is facing towards east with three tiered rajagopuram. The temple covers an area of about two acres. Dhwaja Sthambam can be found immediately after the rajagopuram. Kodimara Vinayagar can be seen at the base of the Dhwaja Sthambam. Balipeedam and Nandi can be seen in the mukha mandapam immediately after the Dhwaja Sthambam. The sanctum sanctorum consists of sanctum, antarala, maha mandapam and open mukha mandapam.


Dvarapalakas made of stucco can be seen on either side of the entrance of the maha mandapam. Presiding Deity is called as Panchavateeswarar / Kalyana Sundareswarar / Anandha Thandaveswarar / Parijathavaneswarar and is facing east. Lord is a Swayambhu Moorthy (self-manifested). Dakshinamurthy and Jayadurga are the koshta idols located around the sanctum walls. The image of Jaya Durga might be a later addition. Chandikeswarar shrine can be seen in his usual location.


There are two shrines for goddess Parvathy namely Kalyana Sundari and Brihannayagi in this temple. Periya Nayagi / Brihannayagi shrine is situated in the mukha mandapam. Her shrine is facing towards south. Kalyana Sundari shrine is situated in the outer prakaram. Her shrine is facing towards east. Shrines of Subramanya with his consorts Valli & Devasena, Punniya Vardhini, Manakanchara Nayanar, Sage Anandha and Sage Bharadhwaja can be seen in the mukha mandapam.


Nataraja Sabha can be seen next to the Periya Nayagi shrine in the mukha mandapam. The Nataraja Sabha is facing towards south. The Nataraja Sabha enshrines an image of Nataraja with his consort Shivagama Sundari. He is depicted in dancing posture with his raised left foot, in line with his face and the right foot. Hence, he is praised as Mukha Mandala Ananda Thandava Nataraja.


There is a bronze utsava image of Jatanathar in maha mandapam. He is facing towards south. He is seen holding a bunch of hair in his hands. Utsava idols of Manakanchara Nayanar, Punniya Vardhini, Eyarkon Kalikkama Nayanar and Somaskandar can be seen next to Jatanathar in maha mandapam.


Shrines and Idols of Swayambhu Vinayagar, Murugan with his consorts Valli & Devasena, Maha Lakshmi, Mahalingam, Mahaganapathy, Navagrahas, Saneeswarar, Angarakan, Chandran, Suryan, Hanuman and Garuda can be seen in the outer prakaram. The outer prakaram also has three idols of Bhairava. Theertham associated with this temple is Sivaganga Theertham / Amrita Bindu Theertham / Amirtha Bindu Saras. It is a large tank situated in front of the temple. Sthala Vriksham is Parijatham.


Udhvaganathar Temple, Thirumanancheri – Literary Mention

Udhvaganathar Temple, Thirumanancheri – Literary Mention

This Temple is considered as one of the shrines of the 276 Paadal Petra Sthalams glorified in the early medieval Thevaram hymns. This Temple is the 79th Devara Paadal Petra Shiva Sthalam and 25th sthalam on the north side of river Cauvery in Chozha Nadu. Thirugnana Sambandar and Thirunavukkarasar had sung hymns in praise of Lord Shiva of this temple. The Temple finds mention in Periyapuranam written by Sekkizhar. Vallalar also has sung hymns in praise of Lord Shiva of this temple.

Sambandar Hymns:

For brief details, please refer below link;

https://tamilnadu-favtourism.blogspot.com/2021/10/udhvaganathar-temple-thirumanancheri-sambandar-hymns.html

Appar Hymns:

For brief details, please refer below link;

https://tamilnadu-favtourism.blogspot.com/2021/10/udhvaganathar-temple-thirumanancheri-appar-hymns.html

Udhvaganathar Temple, Thirumanancheri – Sambandar Hymns

Udhvaganathar Temple, Thirumanancheri – Sambandar Hymns

02.016:

அயிலாரும் அம்பத

னாற்புர மூன்றெய்து

குயிலாரும் மென்மொழி

யாளொரு கூறாகி

மயிலாரும் மல்கிய

சோலை மணஞ்சேரிப்

பயில்வானைப் பற்றிநின்

றார்க்கில்லை பாவமே.  1

விதியானை விண்ணவர்

தாந்தொழு தேத்திய

நெதியானை நீள்சடை

மேல்நிகழ் வித்தவான்

மதியானை வண்பொழில்

சூழ்ந்த மணஞ்சேரிப்

பதியானைப் பாடவல்

லார்வினை பாறுமே.  2

எய்ப்பானார்க் கின்புறு

தேனளித் தூறிய

இப்பாலா யெனையும்

ஆள வுரியானை

வைப்பான மாடங்கள்

சூழ்ந்த மணஞ்சேரி

மெய்ப்பானை மேவிநின்

றார்வினை வீடுமே.  3

விடையானை மேலுல

கேழுமிப் பாரெலாம்

உடையானை ஊழிதோ

றூழி உளதாய

படையானைப் பண்ணிசை

பாடு மணஞ்சேரி

அடைவானை யடையவல்

லார்க்கில்லை யல்லலே.  4

எறியார்பூங் கொன்றையி

னோடும் இளமத்தம்

வெறியாருஞ் செஞ்சடை

யார மிலைத்தானை

மறியாருங் கையுடை

யானை மணஞ்சேரிச்

செறிவானைச் செப்பவல்

லார்க் கிடர் சேராவே.  5

மொழியானை முன்னொரு

நான்மறை யாறங்கம்

பழியாமைப் பண்ணிசை

யான பகர்வானை

வழியானை வானவ

ரேத்து மணஞ்சேரி

இழியாமை யேத்தவல்

லார்க்கெய்தும் இன்பமே.  6

எண்ணானை யெண்ணமர்

சீரிமை யோர்கட்குக்

கண்ணானைக் கண்ணொரு

மூன்று முடையானை

மண்ணானை மாவயல்

சூழ்ந்த மணஞ்சேரிப்

பெண்ணானைப் பேசநின்

றார்பெரி யோர்களே.  7

எடுத்தானை யெழில்முடி

யெட்டும் இரண்டுந்தோள்

கெடுத்தானைக் கேடிலாச்

செம்மை யுடையானை

மடுத்தார வண்டிசை

பாடும் மணஞ்சேரி

பிடித்தாரப் பேணவல்

லார்பெரியோர்களே.  8

சொல்லானைத் தோற்றங்கண்

டானும் நெடுமாலும்

கல்லானைக் கற்றன

சொல்லித் தொழுதோங்க

வல்லார்நன் மாதவ

ரேத்தும் மணஞ்சேரி

எல்லாமாம் எம்பெரு

மான்கழல் ஏத்துமே.  9

சற்றேயுந் தாமறி

வில்சமண் சாக்கியர்

சொற்றேயும் வண்ணமொர்

செம்மை யுடையானை

வற்றாத வாவிகள்

சூழ்ந்த மணஞ்சேரி

பற்றாக வாழ்பவர்

மேல்வினை பற்றாவே.  10

கண்ணாருங் காழியர்

கோன்கருத் தார்வித்த

தண்ணார்சீர் ஞானசம்

பந்தன் தமிழ்மாலை

மண்ணாரும் மாவயல்

சூழ்ந்த மணஞ்சேரி

பண்ணாரப் பாடவல்

லார்க்கில்லை பாவமே.