Tuesday, February 27, 2018

Subramanya Swamy Temple, Thinniyam, Trichy

Subramanya Swamy Temple, Thinniyam, Trichy
Subramanya Swamy Temple is a Hindu Temple dedicated to Lord Murugan located at Thinniyam Village in Trichy District of Tamilnadu. The Temple is said to date back to the Chola Period and Rajaraja Chola’s sister Kunthavai is believed to have built this temple.

It is believed that Raja Raja Chola’s sister, Kunthavai, desired to construct a temple for Lord Muruga and while moving the idols in a bullock cart, the cart got stuck in the mud and would not move. A decision was then taken by her to build the temple in this place.

The Temple
This Temple is an east facing Shiva temple where the beautiful and rare south facing Lord Subramanyaswamy (Muruga) is more popular. The entrance is through an arch gate in the south and Lord Muruga is visible from his shrine as you enter. Lord Subramanya with his six faces is sitting on an elegant peacock. His concerts Valli is seated on his left and Devayani is seated on his right. Both of them are seated in their own separate peacock.

To see Lord Muruga, Valli and Devayani in three different peacocks is a unique sight which you can only witness in Thinniyam. Lord Muruga facing south in this temple symbolizes the Lord Dhakshinamoorthy, lord of Knowledge. All are aware Lord Muruga taught the Pranava Tatvam or Brahma Tatvam to Lord Shiva, His own father. So, it is believed worship of Lord Muruga in this temple will bless the youngsters with knowledge and elders with spiritualism and divinity.

Presiding Deity is called as Koshteeswarar. Lord Shiva is in his Linga form facing the east and another sanctorum for his concert Goddess Brihannayagi facing the south. In this temple you can pray to both Lord Shiva and Lord Murugan at the same time. It is believed worship of lord Shiva and Lord Muruga together will bless the devotees long and healthy life without any illness.

Navagraha Shrine can be found in the outer prakaram, installed differently in Thinniyam Murugan Temple. Auspicious Grahas Moon, Budha, Guru and Sukra are placed in four main direction east, south, west and North facing the Sun. The other four Grahas are placed in South-east, South west, North west and North east facing the Sun. It is believed, worship of Navagraha in this temple will remove all Dosham and obstacle caused by Navagraha.

Shrine of Lord Ganapathi is located in the Ishanya-disha - north-eastern direction in the outer prakaram. Shrines of Idumban, Dakshinamurthy, Sivaloganathar, Oppilambal, Kasi Viswanathar, Bhairava and Surya can be found in this temple.

Families whose family deity is Thinniyam Murugan, visit Murugan temple for Kavadi, shave their heads and you will find the temple bustling with activities often with devotees from all around the world. There are also an ancient Perumal temple and Shiva Temple nearby.

Temple Opening Time
The temple remains open from 6.00 am – 11.00 am and 4.00 pm – 7.30 pm.
Subramanya Swamy Temple,
Thinniyam, Trichy District
Mobile: +91 99439 46086 / 99430 15564
The Temple is located at about 100 meters from Thinniyam Bus Stop, 4 Kms from Anbil, 11 Kms from Lalgudi, 12 Kms from Thirukkattupalli, 26 Kms from Srirangam and 33 Kms from Trichy. Nearest Railway Stations are Kattur Railway Station (7 Kms) and Trichy Railway Station (37 Kms). Nearest Airport is located at Trichy (38 Kms).

Samayapuram Mariamman Temple, Samayapuram, Trichy

Samayapuram Mariamman Temple, Samayapuram, Trichy
Samayapuram Mariamman Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to Goddess Shakthi located in Samayapuram near Trichy City in Trichy District of Tamilnadu. This Temple is dedicated to Mariamman, a manifestation of the primeval energy Shakti as the mother Goddess. Samayapuram Mariamman Temple is one of the renowned Shakthi shrines of Tamilnadu. Samayapuram Temple is the second most wealthy (in terms of cash flows) temple in Tamil Nadu after Palani.

The temple attracts thousands of devotees on Sundays, Tuesdays and Fridays, the holy days for Mariamman. In recent times, the temple has gained a vast popularity. Devotees throng here from various parts of the country. The saying goes, “Samayapurathal will protect her devotees in times of need” (Samayapuram Mariamman Samayathil Kaappal - in Tamil). It is the faith of the people that Mariamman will protect them though they are far away from her in other places of the world.

Thali the Mangal Sutra offered by women are the majority of the offerings in the Hundi of the temple. Diseases are cured without surgery in many cases. Many devotees visit this temple from Karnataka, as Mariamman resembles the Chamundeeswari of Mysore. This is one of the largest temples of the state earning high revenues for the Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowment with huge inflow of devotees.

For brief details, please refer below link;
For brief details, please refer below link;
The Temple
For brief details, please refer below link;
Temple Opening Time
The temple remains open from 5.00 a.m. to 11.00 a.m. and 4.00 p.m. to 8.00 p.m.
Pooja Timings
Ushat Kaalam
6.00 AM
Kaala Santhi
8.00 AM
Uchi Kaalam
12:00 PM
Sayaratchai (1st)
6.00 PM
Sayaratchai (2nd)
8.00 PM
Artha Jamam
9.00 AM
For brief details, please refer below link;
Religious Significance
For brief details, please refer below link;
For brief details, please refer below link;
Mariamman Temple,
Samayapuram – 621 112,
Trichy District,
Phone: +91 431 2670460 / 2670907 / 2670557
Mobile: +91 99762 77029
Fax: +91 431 2670557
The Temple is located at about 1.5 kms from Adhi Mariamman Temple, 500 meters from Samayapuram New Bus Stand, 350 meters from Samayapuram Temple Old Bus Stand, 6 Kms from Manachanallur, 12 Kms from Thiruvellarai, 12 Kms from Thiruppainjeeli, 12 Kms from Pachur, 11 Kms from Srirangam, 9 Kms from Thiruvanaikoil and 16 Kms from Trichy. The temple lies just on the Trichy – Chennai highways (NH 45), with frequently available state and town bus services and is well connected to Trichy. Nearest Railway Stations are located at Pichandar kovil (9 Kms) and Trichy (20 Kms). Nearest Airport is located at Trichy (21 Kms).

Samayapuram Mariamman Temple, Samayapuram – Prayers

Samayapuram Mariamman Temple, Samayapuram – Prayers
It is believed by the devotees that the Goddess has enormous powers over curing illnesses and hence, it is a ritual to buy small metallic replicas, made with silver or steel, of various body parts that need to be cured, and these are deposited in the donation box. Devotees also offer Mavilakku, a sweet dish made of jaggery, rice flour and ghee. Offerings of raw salt is also made to the Goddess by the rural devotees. Every Sunday, Tuesday and Friday, hundreds of devotees throng the temple and perform Poojas.
Local beliefs associate this deity with cures for diseases such as small pox and chicken pox. Mother Mariamman undergoes a fast for the welfare of mankind for 28 days from the last Sunday of Masi month-February-March. During these days no cooked preparation is offered as Nivedhana but only some flour, orange, grapes and green coconut. For completing this fasting, abishek is offered to Amman only with flowers – Poo in Tamil and this event is known as Poo Choridal.
Those suffering from measles for a long time, come here and stay till they are cured, light Maavilakku (a lamp made of flour and Jaggery paste with ghee) and return back with their soul and mind left in the temple.  They only physically go back. The Goddess fulfils any aspiration of the devotee. The disabled and those with impaired vision pray to Mother Mariamman for reliefs. Devotees also pray for agricultural yields and business development.
Tonsuring, Archanas, Abishek are largely followed. Ear boring is undertaken here. Devotees pull the golden chariot, carry fire pots, punch their faces, roll round the temple, offer cradles made of sugarcane, light lamps made of flour and ghee for 15 days during Thaipoosam festival in January-February, offer paddy, donate grains, sheep, cocks as prayer commitments. They also feed the poor.
Thali the Mangal Sutra offered by women are the majority of the offerings in the Hundi of the temple. Diseases are cured without surgery in many cases. Many devotees visit this temple from Karnataka, as Mariamman resembles the Chamundeeswari of Mysore. It is the faith of the people that Mariamman will protect them though they are far away from her in other places of the world.

Samayapuram Mariamman Temple, Samayapuram – Religious Significance

Samayapuram Mariamman Temple, Samayapuram – Religious Significance
Samayapuram is a significant symbol of the native culture in rural Tamil Nadu and there a number of unique practices concerning the Mariamman temples. Samayapuram has been used a model to describe rural folklore in a number of research works on sociology and religion. During festivals, it is not unusual to find people doing extreme things to make their bodies suffer as an act of sacrifice including, walking over a red-hot bed of charcoal and holding hot mud-vessel in bare hands.
Mariamman temples also typically involve Samiyattam wherein through a devotee (usually a female) Goddess Mariamman chooses to talk to help and bless the gathered devotees. The personality of the Goddess as well as the tremendous strain put on the body by the channeling (both physically and emotionally), maybe interpreted by non-believers as hysteria or hyper-excitement.
The legacy of Samayapuram is well spread beyond Tamil Nadu and even after centuries of emigrating from India, many people in Sri Lanka, Singapore, South Africa and Fiji still maintain their loyalties to the temple and try to create similar temples and environment in their new country, raising both a cause of concern and an appreciation of diversity. There is also a Samayapuram Mariamman Temple in Tanjong Rambutan at Malaysia.
There is also a shrine for Goddess Sri Samayapuram Mariamman at the Sri Veera Muthu Muneeswarar Temple which is located at Yishun Industrial Park, Singapore. During the month of Aadi, the annual Kuzh Valarpu festival is conducted with much grandeur by the Sri Samayapuram Mariamman Pillaigal at Jurong West, Singapore.

Samayapuram Mariamman Temple, Samayapuram – Festivals

Samayapuram Mariamman Temple, Samayapuram – Festivals
Thai Poosam Festival – Thai Month:
Thai Poosam Festival is being celebrated in grand full manner for 11days. The deity is being taken in procession daily both in morning and evening in different Vahanams. The deity is being taken in procession on Silver Horse Vahanam, on eighth day night and in Theppam (Floating Festival) on Ninth day night. On 10th day i.e., on Thai Poosam the deity in taken in procession from Samayapuram to North Cauvery (Coloroon) near Srirangam in glass palanquin for Theerthavari (taking bath) where goddess Mariamman is being honoured by Lord Sriranganatha by Presenting Seer Varisai (Gifts) to his sister Mariamman. On the 11th day, the deity returns from Coloroon to Samayapuram and the festival ends.
Poochoridal (Flower Sprinkling Festival) – Masi Month:
The Poochoridal Festival takes place on the last Sunday of month Masi. During Poochoridal lot of beautiful flowers of various kinds are being Sprinkled on the Moolavar deity. More than a lakh of devotee’s visits to this temple for sprinkling flowers and to have Holy Dharshan of the Goddess. The festival is spread over to 4 weeks i.e., four Sundays during the month of Masi and Panguni and sprinkling of flowers are being offered every Sunday. The special feature of this festival is that the Goddess herself adopts fast for 28 days for the welfare of her devotees. During these 28 days cooked food will not be offered as neivedhyam, to the deity. Only simple rice flour, tender Coconut, Sugar Candy, Jaggery water, Butter Milk, alone are being offered as Neivedhyam and Prasadam.
Chitrai Festival – Panguni - Chithirai Months:
This grand festival is being celebrated for 13 days. On the first Tuesday in the Month of Chitrai, i.e., on 10th day of festival, Goddess Mariamman is being taken in a decorated wooden car and pulled around the temple. This is called as Chitrai Ther festival. On Friday. i.e., on 13th day of festival the Goddess is being seated in a decorated float (Theppam) and pulled around the central Mandapam of Theppakulam. This is called float Festival. During these festivals devotees gather in large numbers offering their Prarthanas such as taking Agni Chatti, Milk Pot and Kavadi and Tonsuring their heads etc.
During the Chariot Festival, no vehicle is allowed to go inside Samayapuram Town and all the vehicles are stopped one Kilometer away from the Town and everybody have to go to the temple by walk. The Crowd is so much, though the Government made so many arrangements, still it is un-manageable. Luckily for Devotees, nowadays, they are following the traffic rule of left side walking in the road. This helps a lot for the smooth movement, which avoids any complications associated with big crowds.
Still you will find that so many children missing, which is being announced during the festival time in the loud speakers. During the Chariot Festival time, the Local Government arranges a ‘Special Bus Stand’, which is one Kilometer away from the Samayapuram Town. All the Buses and any other 2 / 3 / 4 wheelers are stopped there only. The vehicles which are going beyond Samayapuram in NH-45 will only be allowed with a little bit delay.
The 4 laning of the National Highway 45 has helped to ease traffic congestion to a considerable extent. Onward traffic can take the flyover, while those going to Samayapuram for Darshan can take the Service Lane which leads to the Temple. For festival days, during the Chithirai Chariot Festivals, there are 24 hours bus services to nearby places like, Salem, Namakkal, Karur, Thuraiyur, Thanjavur and other nearby Small Towns. Further, there are continuous Town Bus Services provided which mainly connect to Tollgate (Salem-Trichy main road junction), Chatram Bus Stand and Central Bus Stand.
Pancha Prakaram – Chitrai - Vaikasi Months:
This festival spread over for 15 days. The Festival starts on the first day of the month Vaikasi. On 10th day of Festival, special Maha Abishekam will take place.
Navarathri Festival – Purattasi Month:
This festival starts from New Moon of the Month Purattasi i.e., from Mahalaya Ammavasai and spread over for 9 days. The deity will be seated in Navarathri Mandapam for Golu.
Other Festivals:
All the Fridays in the Tamil months of Aadi (July 15 – Aug17) and Thai (Jan 15 – Feb 15) are celebrated in a grand manner. Also, Tamil and English New Year days, Pongal and Deepavali are observed with special pujas. While usually the crowd is big in all days, it is particularly more on Tuesdays and Fridays. Several worship services are offered throughout the day here. Offerings of salt, jaggery (brown sugar), lentils, jewelry are made by devotees. During the Festival days we can see that, the Tamil Nadu Police, NCC, Scout (School and College Students) Controlling the Crowd everywhere including the Temple premises.

Samayapuram Mariamman Temple, Samayapuram – History

Samayapuram Mariamman Temple, Samayapuram – History
With Kannanur as their capital, the Hoysalas under Veesomavaran built this village and named it as Vikramapuram.  He also built Bhojeswaram, a Shiva temple near Samayapuram. His son Veera Ramanathan’s rule was a golden period for Samayapuram with grand festivals being conducted and several improvements being seen at the temple. Later Vijayanagar rulers too contributed to the development of the temple. Kannanur was called in different names in different periods of time such as Kannanpuram, Vikramapuram and Mahalipuram. Historians and researches opine that after the establishment of the temple the rulers of Vijayanagar regularly worshipped this deity. 
It is stated by historians that only in the period of Vijayaraya Chakravarthy who held the Kingdom during 1706 – 1732 Mariamman the temple was duly consecrated. Even though the general belief has been such, historical records or documents are not available to authenticate all these lores since in those periods of time, no written record was maintained except implanting some culverts here and there carrying some information or messages by the invading armies or the rulers themselves. The Goddess is believed to have been worshipped by locals even before the construction of this temple, but those details remain unauthenticated.

Samayapuram Mariamman Temple, Samayapuram – Legends

Samayapuram Mariamman Temple, Samayapuram – Legends
Lord Shiva created Kali from Kaalakoota poison:
Legend has it that Shiva created Kali, out of the poison that he had swallowed, and decreed that he kill Darukasura. Having originated from the Kaalakoota poison, she assumed the name Kaali. Mariamman is believed to be a form of Kaali, and is also known as Mahamayee or Seethala Gowri.
Emperor Dasaratha visited Samayapuram:
There is also a story that Emperor Dasaratha visited Samayapuram to worship Mariamman. 
Local variations of the worship of Shakti, the mother Goddess are seen throughout the Indian subcontinent. Mariamman is a form of Shakti worshipped in Tamilnadu, and is associated with prosperity and health. Local beliefs associate this deity with cures for diseases such as small pox and chicken pox.
Legendary association with Vikramaditya:
This Temple legend dates back to the period of Vikramaditya. He undertook penance in this Neem Forest and had darshan of kali. It was then that Ambal appeared here as a Swayambu idol.
Headquarters of Amman Temples:
Samayapuram is said to be the headquarters of Amman temples.
Gifts from Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu:
Shiva, Vishnu and Brahmma are believed to have invoked the blessings of Mariamman of Samayapuram. To this day, in memory of this legend, she receives gifts on the day of the Chariot Festival from the Jambukeswarar temple in Thiruvanaikaval. Only after receiving the gifts, does she alight from the Chariot and head back to her sanctum. Similarly, on Thai Poosam day, Amman makes an early morning trip to the Coloroon and stays in the Coloroon in the night and returns the next day only after collecting gifts from her family - Srirangam Lord.
Amman changes Form:
In the middle of the last century, Tamil cinema actors funded the Poochoridal festival. Dhadhyonam was presented to several thousands of devotees who came in from villages across the state. During the Poochoridal festival, one can see the Mariamman in slim and plump forms. During those 28 days true devotees are able to visualize her change from slim to plump form. This was seen as an aakrosham period for her and she is anointed with only Uthiri flowers and not garlands.
Sakthi Peedam:
The reason behind Lord Siva bestowing such powers to cure the dreaded Pox diseases to Devi Samayapuram Mariamman is connected with the Puranic legend in which when Goddess Parvathi committed suicide and her body carried away by Lord Siva. On way wherever parts of her body fell they became Sakthi Peedam. Her eyes reportedly fell in S. Kannanur and when Samayapuram Devi Mariamman manifested as aspect of Goddess Parvathi in S. Kannanur Lord Siva bestowed her with thousand eyes and thus she automatically got the powers to cure the Small Pox and Chicken Pox diseases as the boils of Small Pox and Chicken Pox were likened to smaller eyes of Goddess Parvathi. 
Devotees belief and fear on Samayapurathal:
The extent of belief and fear on Goddess Samayapuram Mariamman is so deep that even by mistake if someone casually uttered that they would visit Goddess Samayapuram Mariamman temple to offer prayers for one reason or the other, without fail they would visit the temple at least once in their lifetime to offer prayer to the Goddess even if their prayer had not been fulfilled, lest it will be viewed as insult by the deity and severe problems in many forms will haunt their family or in their own life.
Origin of this Temple:
The origin and history of this temple is unclear and sketchy. Several stories float on its origin, all of which are word of mouth stories only. The deity, believed to have manifested of its own in the form of clay has been reportedly worshipped by the villagers, in the same place which was jungle area several centuries ago. The general belief has been that the then unknown deity, now known as Goddess Samayapuram Mariamman has been worshipped in open area before 1000 years.
The fact that the deity was Goddess Samayapuram Mariamman and manifested there, thousands of years ago as an aspect of Sakthi Devi has been revealed by Devi herself to the devotees through one of the devotees who was possessed by her in the temple festivals. Since the principal deity was of clay, another small deity carved out of stone was has been reportedly made and kept before her to which Abishekam is done and Pooja is performed to ensure the main deity is not damaged. 
Deity removed from Srirangam Temple:
The folklore mentions that much before 18th century when the temple did not exist a deity believed to be aspect of Parasakthi (they did not know that it was Goddess Mariamman) was worshipped in the temple of Ranganatha Swamy in Srirangam. But as the Pundit in the temple experienced severe health problems after the idol was installed and he feared that the cause of his problem was due to the deity, he ensured that the deity was removed from there and kept inside the jungle under a tree. The jungle was no other place but Samayapuram then.
The locals in the Village reportedly worshipped Goddess Samayapuram Mariamman as village deity without even knowing the origin, name or other aspect of the female deity they worshipped. Those days out of fear blind belief and worship of self-manifested deities were common. The folklore further mentions that soon when the passersby and travelers felt that the deity in the jungle was protecting them like a guardian deity, they raised a small wall like structure around the idol and converted it into a worship place.
True to their belief ever since the deity began to be prayed, people travelled fear free of robbers and animals. Much beyond protection, the villagers experienced that those who prayed to the deity found their desires getting fulfilled. Those were the days when the local deities in the villages held sway over people.
Vijayanagar Kings built this Temple after winning a War:
As per another lore, the existence of the shrine inside the jungle and the immense power wielded by the deity made people believe that if satisfied with proper offerings and sacrifices she will grant the boons the devotees seek. When this belief spread, the rulers of Vijayanagara emperors who were camping in the district of Tiruchirappalli (which was actually their army base) too reportedly came there to offer prayers and during one of their visits they made commitment to construct a temple if they won the war for which they were camping there and when turned victorious, they constructed the temple in the name of Kannanur Mariamman temple. 
Family Deity of Vijayanagara Kings:
There is yet another belief exists. An unnamed female deity was worshipped by the Emperors of Vijayanagara while they were in Trichy, and when they faced defeat in the war that was going on, they began retreating from there and carried the deity too along with them. It was customary for Emperors of Vijayanagara to carry the deity they worshipped wherever they went and camped. On way of retreat, they happened to pass through Samayapuram, which was then a jungle area and rested there for few hours. When they began to move again, the deity could not be lifted from the ground on which it was placed and therefore they had to leave it there after constructing a roofless structure around the deity which later on came to be worshipped by the travelers and passersby seeking her grace and protection. The small roofless structure was converted into a big temple for Goddess Samayapuram Mariamman by the later rulers. 
Story behind building this Temple:
One of the legends in many such stories floating state that, once during the invasion of a Muslim ruler, the idol worshipped by the locals was forcibly taken away by the invaders to break it in their land before their King. On way when they reached a Canal, they kept the idol and other belongings on the bank of the Canal and rested for a while to get freshened up. After taking bath in the Canal, they returned back to commence the travel, but found that the idol was missing while all other belongings were safe. Even after searching the entire area they could not find the idol and therefore the frustrated solders went away without further searching for the idol. 
Few days after the soldiers moved away, some of the villagers found the deity inside a bush surrounded by Neem trees and fearing that the deity could be powerful, they began worshiping the deity in the same place after cleaning the surroundings. Nobody knew how the idol went and hid into the bush. When one of the rulers named Vijaya Ranga Chokkanathar of Vijayanagar came to know of the greatness of the unknown deity, he constructed a temple for the goddess in Samayapuram and consecrated the idol inside the temple after realizing from his Raja guru that the deity was aspect of Parasakthi. Thus, came the temple of Goddess Samayapuram Mariamman says the devotees.