Wednesday, October 2, 2019

Srivilliputhur Andal Temple – History

Srivilliputhur Andal Temple – History
The history of Srivilliputhur centres around the Srivilliputhur Andal Temple, dedicated to Andal. It is argued that the temple of Vatapatrasayi is present from the 8th century, but there are epigraphic records are available only from the 10th century. The view that the Andal Temple was built during the 14th century is highly debated. The temple has inscriptions from CholaPandya and Nayak rulers, spanning across various centuries from the 10th to 16th centuries. As per some accounts, the original structure was constructed by Tribuvana Chakravarthy Konerinmai Kondan Kulasekaran and the Andal temple by Barathi Rayar.
During the reign of Thirumalai Nayak (1623 A.D – 1659 A.D.) and Rani Mangammal (1689 A.D – 1706 A.D), this city became very popular. Thirumalai Nayak renovated all the temples of this city. He installed Choultries, temple tanks, paintings and golden towers inside the temple. The sculptures in the hall leading to the shrine of Andal were also built by him. From 1751 A.D. to 1756 A.D., Srivilliputhur came under the rule of Nerkattam Seval  Paalayakkarar Puli Thevar. Later the Fort of Srivilliputhur was ruled by Periyasami Thevar. Then it fell into the hands of Mohammed Yusuf Khan.
Until 1850, Sri Andal temple was under the care of the king of Travancore. The Temple came under the control of British till India attained freedom in 1947. The temple's gateway tower, 192 ft (59 m) tall and it is the official symbol of the Government of Tamil Nadu (Vatapatrasayi Temple Tower). But the artist who designed the emblem for the state of Tamil Nadu Thiru. Krishna Rao denied that it is not the temple of Srivilliputhur rather it is Meenakshi Temple's West Gopuram. 
The two temples contain over 60 inscriptions in Vattezhuthu, in the Gopuram, Dwajastambam, and walls of the central shrines and Mandapams. In the inscriptions, Srivilliputhur is  referred to as Malli Vala Naadu and Andal is referred to as Soodi Kodutha Nachiyar. During the modern times, the temple is maintained and administered by the Hindu Religious and Endowment Board of the Government of Tamil Nadu. Samprokshanam of the Andal temple was performed on 20 January 2016 by Tamil Nadu Government.

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