Friday, March 4, 2016

Prananadeswarar Temple, Tirumangalakudi, Thanjavur

Prananadeswarar Temple, Tirumangalakudi, Thanjavur
Prananadeswarar Temple is located in the village of Tirumangalakudi, 2 kilometres from the Aduthurai and 16 kms from Kumbakonam is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. The temple is glorified by the hymns of Appar. Lord Shiva in the temple is a swayambumurthy. The Bana of the Linga in the temple is taller than the Avudaiyar. There is also an idol in the temple called Purusha Miruga (an animal) with human, animal and bird faces. Devotees set to Suriyanar Temple to worship the Sun God should visit this place for relief of adverse effects of the nine planets (Navagrahas).

It is known as Panchamangala Kshetra. The name of the place is Mangalakudi. The Goddess is Mangalambika. The Gopuram is Mangala Vimanam. The Holy Water is Mangala Theertham. The Vinayaka is Mangala Vinayaka. Everything in the temple is but Mangala – Prosperity.  The Sthala Viruksham is Kongu ilavu. It is in Tirumangalakudi temple that even the Planets got relieved of their curses.
The Lord has three faces representing human, animal and bird forms, a rare one not found in other temples. Here, Brahma the Creator, Vishnu the Protector, Sage Agasthya, Sun, Akashvani, Mother Earth worshipped the Lord. There are two holy waters here called Chandra theertham and Suriya Theertham. There are two Nataraja Sannidhis here. This was renovated by Kulothunga Chozha.  Goddess Mangalambika of this temple is prayed by women for long married life. (Dheerka Sumangali Bagyam).

Around 6 inscriptions are found in the temple from the Cholas, Pallavas and Vijayanagara kings.
Location
The temple is located in the village of Tirumangalakudi, 2 kilometres from the Aduthurai & 16 km from Kumbakonam. There are lots of other famous temples located nearby.
The sun temple " Suriyanarkovil" is around 0.5 km from this temple, Shukran temple "kanjanoor" around 2 km, Viswanathapuram Vishalakshi amman temple around 3 km from Tirumangalakudi, Thiruppanandal Kasi mutt and siva temple around 6 km, Aduthurai siva temples around 2 km, and Thirumanancheri - holy place around 10 km to resolve the obstruction or delay in wedding.
Legends
Mother Mangalambikai saving devotee’s Mangalyam:
The temple is glorified by Tevaram hymns. The temple is believed to have been built by a minister of Kulothunga chola1 with the tax money amassed. This invited the wrath of the king and he ordered punishment to the minister. The minister's wife worshipped Mangalambikai (Parvathi) of this temple to save her Mangalyam (holy tie worn by married woman). The minister was punished and his corpse was brought to Tirumangalakudi. The moment it reached the place, he got his life back due to the effect of the presiding deity. From then on, the place is believed to provide aegis to Mangalyam.
This place is dedicated to Lord Shiva and the name of the Shiva here is “Prananadeswarar”. Of course Sakthi is also there in the temple without her there is no power for Shiva as per our mythology. The name of the Ambal here is “Mangalambikai”.
Kol Vinai Theertha Vinayagar:
Also when Navagrahas were cursed to have leprosy by Brahma for relieving a saint from leprosy as they do not have authority to change destiny, Brahma asked them to go to Tirumangalakudi and pray Kol Vinai Theertha Vinayagar (Ganesh who absolved sins of planets) to be absolved from their sins.
Greatness of Temple
The Bana of the Linga is taller than the Avudaiyar in this temple.  Sage Agasthya, short in stature, offered the flowers to Lord raising his hands over the Linga. There is no special Navagraha-the nine planet shrine in the temple.  There is a separate temple for the planets in Suriyanar Kovil in the northeast direction of the temple.  It is to be noted that a single temple is constructed as twin temple.
Hence those visiting Suryanar Koil for relief from planetary adversities should visit Prana Nadheswarar temple first and then only proceed for the Navagraha temple as a rule. It is also said that the Navagrahas offered Curd Rice Nivedhana without salt on a Vellerukku leaf to Lord.  Following this belief, curd rice nivedhana without salt is offered during the midday puja in the temple.  Also those failing in the annual ritual for their forefathers offer this nivedhana to Lord. 

There is a Maragatha-emerald Linga in Nataraja shrine.  Daily midday abishek is offered to this Linga with milk, rosewater, honey and sandal poured through a conch-Valampuri Sangu.  Consuming this abishek Prasad is believed to be an effective treatment for diseases.  Plantain fruits, betel nut nivedhana is offered. Mother Mangalambika blesses the devotees from her own shrine.  The temple is known popularly after her name.  The Mangal Sutra thread in the hand of Ambica is offered as Prasad to women awaiting marriage promising a good match. 
Women take these threads from Ambica, wear them and leave the used-old threads at her feet.  This ensures all auspicious married life to women till the end. During Navarathri festival, Ambica procession deity is decorated with different Alankarams in temples.  But such Alankarams are offered to presiding Ambica in the sanctum sanctorum only.  She is dressed with sandal paste only without ornaments and vastras.  The sandal paste is prepared in different colours and is shown as vastra and jewels.  This is indeed a thrilling darshan experience.  This Alankara is followed on the second Sunday of Thai month-January-February.  Devotees too can arrange this Alankara as a prayer commitment. 
Temple Speciality
Lord Shiva in the temple is a swayambumurthy. Traditionally the Linga-Bana is shorter than the height of the Avudaiyar the seat or peeta. The Linga part is taller than the Avudaiyar part in this temple. Also against the tradition of celebrating the wedding festival during day time, it is celebrated during night in this temple.
Similarly the wedding feast also takes place during night instead of in the day. This is celebrated on the seventh day of Brahmotsavam. The event includes reception of the bridegroom party, Lord and Mother exchanging garlands, Oonjal and the wedding at about 9.00 p.m. followed by wedding feast.
The Temple
The presiding deity is Prananadeswarar (Shiva) and the Goddess, Mangalambikai (Parvathi). The main deity is believed to be Swayambu Lingam (self formed). Sooriyanar Temple, dedicated to Lord Surya, the Sun god is nearby. It is believed to worship the deity here before visiting the Sooriyanar Temple as it provides prosperity, curing the effects of Navagrahas.

Around 6 inscriptions are found in the temple from the Cholas, Pallavas and Vijayanagara kings. While entering Lord Shiva shrine, Mothers Mahalakshmi and Saraswati (without Veena in hands) are on both sides of the shrine as Dwarapalakis.  Still noteworthy is that they are sitting in Padmasana style.  There are two Natarajas in the Prakara with Mother Sivakami.  There is a Boodha Gana playing a musical instrument under the feet of the Nataraja near the main Nataraja. 

There are two theerthas in Prana Nadheswarar temple in the prakara called Surya and Chandra theerthas.  It is said that these two planets considered the two eyes of Lord Shiva are in the Theertha-Spring form to cool their Lord.  Abishek Water for the Lord is drawn from these springs.  Mother Vishnu Durga is in the Shiva goshta.  Shiva Durga is behind the Somaskanda shrine.  Mahishasura the demon is absent in both places. Mother Cauvery is in the form of an idol next to Durga in the Shiva shrine. 
On the 18th day of Aadi Tamil month – July-August special pujas are dedicated to Cauvery. Lords Vishnu, Brahmma, Mothers Kali, Ambica, Akashvani, Bhooma Devi, Sage Agasthya and Sun God had worshipped in this temple. Lord Muruga is praised as Shanmuga. The temple was renovated during the 11th century by Kulothunga Chola.  It is under the management of Tiruvavaduthurai Adheenam.
Uniqueness
The unique feature of this temple is that all the presiding deities are named Mangalam, indicating prosperity.
Deity/Category
Name
Parvathi
Mangalambikai
Vinayagar
Mangala Vinayagar
Vimanam (Tower)
Mangala Vimanam
Location
Tirumangalakudi
Theertham (Temple Tank)
Mangala Theertham
Temple Opening Time
The temple is open from 6.30 a.m. to 12.30 p.m. and from 4.00 p.m. to 8.30 p.m.
Festivals
10 day Panguni Uthiram Brahmotsavam with wedding festival on the second day is the important festive event of the temple. Monthly Sankatahara Chathurthi, Kruthikai, Pradoshams, Deepavali, Makara Sankranti, Tamil and English New Year days are observed with special abisheks, pujas etc. Special abishek and pujas are dedicated to Lord Bhairava on Ashtami days in new moon fortnight.
Singers
The glory of the temple is praised in the hymns of Saint Thirugnana Sambandar.  This is the 38th Shiva temple on the northern bank of Cauvery mentioned in Thevaram hymns.
Prayers
As a rule, those facing any adverse planetary problems and visiting Suryanar Koil, should place their prayers first in this temple before proceeding to Suryanar koil. Married woman receive the Mangal Sutra thread from Ambica directly for a long marital life. Devotees pray here for child, wedding boons and long married life, for freedom from enemy threats and theft fear.
Devotees hold curd rice on Vellerukku leaves between 12-12.30 midday times, offer it as nivedhana to Lord and take part in the pujas in the prakara continuously for 11 Sundays for relief from planetary problems and remedy from all diseases. Worship of Mother Mangalambikai for five consecutive Mondays ensure safety to the Mangal Sutra blessing, relief from the adverse aspects of the serpent planets Rahu and Ketu and of Sani Bhagwan.
The worship also removes delays in marriage affairs in families. Devotees perform abishek to Lord and Mother and offer vastras. They also follow a commitment of honoring five Sumangalis-married women with turmeric, kumkum, flower, betel nut, a comb, hand mirror, bangles, Mangal Sutra thread, a blouse bit and money and seek their blessings. Abishek to Lord is performed with cosmetic powders, oil, rice flour, honey, milk, panchamirtham, curd, fruit juices, green coconut, sandal and sacred ash. Those who can afford, organize feeding-Annadhanam.
Contact
Sri Prana Nadheswarar Temple,
Tirumangalakudi – 612102
Thanjavur district
Phone: +91-435 - 247 0480
Connectivity
This temple is located in the Kumbakonam – Mayavaram route. We need to take a right from the Kumbakonam By Pass and you can enter the village Tirumangalakudi. Tirumangalakudi is 8 Kms. from Thirupanandal on the Chennai-Kumbakonam Road.
Aduthurai is 14 km from Kumbakonam. Tirumangalakudi is 3 km from Aduthurai. Bus facility from Kumbakonam to Tirumangakudi is available only at specific hours. Auto facility is available from Aduthurai.
Tirumangalakudi is 3 km from Aduthurai, 15 km from Kumbakonam, 8 km from Tiruppanandal, 55 km from Thanjavur and 100 km from Tiruchi. 
Nearest Railway Station is located at Aduthurai & Nearest Airport is located Tiruchi. 

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