Sakshinatheswarar Temple, Thiruppurambiyam, Thanjavur
Sakshinatheswarar Temple or Thiruppurambiyam Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva located in the Thiruppurambiyam, Tamilnadu, India. The temple is incarnated by the hymns of Thevaram, the 7th century Tamil literature and is classified as Paadal Petra Sthalam. This is the 100th Devaram Paadal Petra Shiva Sthalam and 46th sthalam on the north side of river Cauvery in Chozha nadu. Moovar has sung hymns in praise of Lord Shiva of this temple.
According to the legend, during the great deluge (Pralayam) of the earth, the flood waters did not enter this particular place and branched off. Hence this Sthalam is known as Thiruppurambiyam. This sthalam is one of the 24 important places of worship for Dakshinamurthy.
Shiva saving the life of Devotee’s Husband:
The legend also tells the story of a girl devotee of God Shiva by name Ratnavalli whose marriage was fixed with a bridegroom by name Dhanaguptan. Unfortunately, the youth died of snake bite but was restored to life by Saint Gnanasambandar who was incidentally present in the place. Shiva was very pleased with the request of his devotee and Dhanaguptan woke up from the death bed as if nothing had happened to him. He also conducted their wedding, with Lord Shiva and the Vanni tree as witnesses.
God Shiva later on went to Madurai to testify as a witness and confirmed that the marriage of these two people was indeed fixed earlier. Because the God testified as a witness, he is known as Satchi Natheswarar. The Vanni tree is in the second prakara. This episode finds a chapter in Thiruvilayadal Puranam (an epic on Lord Shiva written by Paranjothi Munivar) and also in the Sthalapuranam.
Pralayam Katha Vinayagar:
There is a very special deity named "Pralayam Katha Vinayagar" which means (Pralayam - Destruction of Earth by the forces of Sea - Water), (Katha - Safe guard), (Vinayagar in Tamil language - Lord Ganesha Moorthy - Son of Lord Shiva). During the end of "Kreyathayuga" the Earth was destroyed by the water forces of 7 Seas. Thiruppurambiyam was existing from the Kreyathayuga and Lord Shiva wished to preserve this Holy place "Thiruppurambiyam" and passed this holy work of preserving Thiruppurambiyam to his son Lord Ganesha.
Lord Ganesha using the powers of "Pranava Mantra" - Holy vibration "Om" controlled the forces of the 7 seas into one well and saved this holy place from "Pralaya" as per Lord Shiva. Even today one can see "The well that contained 7 Seas" in the temple premises. This well is known as Yezhu Kadal Kinaru. Lord Varuna created an idol of Lord Ganesha from sea shells and other materials obtained from the sea and worshipped him as Pralayam Katha Vinayakar.
This idol of Ganesha is still worshiped in this temple. On the night before Vinayaka Chathurthi, a special anointing with 100 kgs of honey is done to Vinayaga. The anointing with honey is performed throughout the night. During the anointing we can see all the honey which has been poured on the idol is being grasped. At the end of the anointing the deity turns into a crimson color. No anointing is performed during the rest of the year.
Miracle of Lord Vinayaga absorbing Honey:
Once Lord "Varuna" (God of Water or God of Seas), made a special Ganesha using the substances from his body, like Shells, Snail hoods, Oyster shells, Sea foam, and worshipped by installing at the temple. Ever since during the "Vinayagar Chathurthi" day yearly about 100 Kgs of Honey is used for "Abishegam". To once wonder all the 100 Kgs of Honey is absorbed by the Ganesha idol and the deity shines like made of Gold on that day. Other than the Honey Abishegam on the Vinayagar Chathurthi day yearly once, no other Abishegam is performed to the idol. Large number of devotees visits on every day and special days like Chathurthi and on Vinayagar Chathurthi day.
Thiruppurambiyam was the fierce battlefield in the 9th century deciding the bright future of Cholas. Chola King Aditya I built a temple in sweet remembrance of the turn of the tide in his favour and named it Aditeswaram. The present name of the presiding deity is Sakshinathar and the consort, Kuraivialla Azhagi (beauty unsurpassed).
The sanctum of the consort was built by Rajaraja Chola I. The sanctum wall contains beautiful sculptures of Parivara devatas (other deities of Siva temple). Lord Ganesa, the elephant god is performed honey ablution on the day of Vinayagar Chathurthi and all honey passed is absorbed.
Greatness of Temple
On the Vinayaka Chathurthi day, Lord Pralayamkatha Vinayaka abishek is performed with honey. The wonder is that the honey used for abishek does not flow out. No abishek is done during other days.
This is one of 24 sacred places attributed to Lord Dakshinamurthy. Sage Agasthya, Brahmma, four Sanakathi rishis and Sage Vishwamitra worshipped here. King Haridwajan, suffering from a disease called Muyalagam due to the curse of Sage Durvasa got cured in this temple by the grace of Lord Shiva.
Sri Guhambigai Ambal holding Sri Murugan in the hip idol made of wax holding in a separate mandapam. Only thylakkaappu will be done to this idol. Separate temple for Guru Dhakshinamoorthy.
Vinayagar is special in this temple, made of Chippi, Kilinjal and sea foam. Honey Abishekam is performed once in a year on Vinayaga Chathurthi day. All the honey will be absorbed in the idol itself. Two Ambal temples are located in the temple. The idols in the koshtam are damaged.
The Shivalingas worshipped by Nalvar – Gnanasambandar, Tirunavukkarasar, Sundarar and Manickavasagar – Agasthya, Pulasthya, Sanaka, Sananthana and Vishwamitra are in line in the first corridor (prakara) of the temple. The temple for Mother-Goddess Karumbanna solli is in the second prakara. Dakshinamurthy temple is on the banks of the tank in the east.
Lord was too merciful to grant his darshan in the form of Dakshinamurthy to a poor wood cutter who was carrying fuel to the temple from the banks of the tank in the east of the temple.
Sthala Vinayaka – Vinayaka of the place:
He is fair in complexion. Though it is said that there are Sthalapuranam and another literature called Ulanool, no edition is now available. Also only 10 verses are available from the Purambayamalai authored by Pandit Sundaresa Wandayar.
Temple Opening Time
The temple is open from 6.00 a.m. to 1.00 p.m. and 4.00 p.m. to 8.30 p.m.
1. Kaala Sandhi
2. Utchi Kaalam
4. Artha Jamam
10 day Masi Magam festival and Mahasivarathri in February-March, Margazhi Tiruvadhirai in December-January and Aipasi Annabishekam in October-November, Chittirai Brahmotsavam, Karthigai Deepam, Pradosham, Somavaram, and Shivarathri are the festivals celebrated in the temple.
Devotees pray for successful conclusion in marriage talks, child boon and progress in education. Sooner their prayers are granted, devotees perform abishek with Vastras to the Lord and Mother.
Pariharam are done for marriage, child birth and good education by offering Vastharam and anointing to the Lord.
This Temple is praised in the hymns of Gnanasambandar, Tirunavukkarasar, Sundarar and Arunagirinathar. This is the 46th Shiva temple praised in Thevaram hymns on the northern banks of Cauvery.
Arulmighu Satchi Natheswarar Temple
Thiruppurambiyam, Thiruppurambiyam Post
Thanjavur District – 612303
Phone: 0435 2459519, 2459715, 9444626632, 9952323429
This temple is situated about 11 Kms from Kumbakonam on the south bank of river Kollidam. A town bus service from Kumbakonam to Thiruppurambiyam goes via two other Paadal Petra Sthalams Thirukottaiyur and Tiruinnambar.
There is a sign board showing Thiruppurambiyam in Puliancheri on the Kumbakonam-Tiruvaiyaru route leading to Innambur. Thiruppurambiyam is 3 km from Innambur.
Nearest Railway Station is located at Thanjavur & Kumbakonam & Nearest Airport is located at Trichy.