Monday, April 25, 2016

Kothandaramar Temple, Patteeswaram

Kothandaramar Temple, Patteeswaram
This Temple is located just under 10kms South West of Kumbakonam. This Temple dates back to the Ramayana period according to Hindu Mythology. Lord Rama installed Shiva Linga here at Patteeswaram and provided darshan in a Kalyana Kolam. Rajaraja, Rajendra and Kulothunga Chozha made this an integral part of their kingdom and took several important decisions from here.

Kothandaramar temple in Patteeswaram, whose legend dates back to the Ramayana, is receiving a face lift. The temple, in its current form, is believed to date back to the 16 Century A.D.
Legends
Liberation from Chaaya Hathi Dosham:
Having defeated and killed Ravana, legend has it that that Rama visited Patteeswaram, installed Shiva Linga (referred to as Rama Linga) at the Thenupuriswarar temple (half a km East of the Rama Temple) and performed pooja invoking the blessings of Shiva to liberate himself from Chaaya Hathi Dosham that had struck him as a result of killing Vaali hiding behind a tree. Later, Devas arrived here and requested Rama to provide darshan in a kalyana kolam at this place.
Story of Pattu Shali Maharishi:
As per another legend, Sage Shaliar was one among the Maharshis meeting Rama.  Shaliar was known as Pattu Shalia Maharshi as he was in the silk weaving trade.  Pattu in Tamil means Silk.  Silk weavers always bore a dosha as they had to kill numerous silk worms in their profession.  The Sage wanted to protect them from dosha.  He worshipped Lord Rama in this temple.  
Pleased with his bhakti, Lord asked the sage for his wish.  The sage said that his community should be saved from the dosha of killing the silk worms which was unavoidable in the profession.  He also prayed to the Lord to stay in this place itself so that the weavers could worship him daily.  Lord granted the boons sought by the Rishi and stayed here.
History
In the 8th Century AD, Pallava King Nandivarman II built the beautiful Nandipura Vinnagaram – Jagannathan Perumal Temple (Divya Desam), a few kms East of Patteeswaram giving this region a grand stature and a rich place in history. Subsequently, Rajaraja Chozha, Rajendra Chozha and Kulothunga Chozha made this an integral part of their kingdom from where they took several important decisions.
Temple Speciality
During the celebration of the Muthu Pandal Utsav in Patteeswaram Thenupuriswarar temple to honour Gnana Sambandar, the child saints would visit the Kothandaramaswamy temple also. The Silk Shawl used for Perumal Alankara would be offered to the saint as a courtesy. This event is still followed in both temples here.
Lord Rama performed special puja to Lord Siva to liberate Him from the Chaaya Hathi dosham. Devas requested Rama to provide darshan in a kalyana kolam at this place.
The Temple
The temple in its current form is believed to date back to the 16th Century AD. The mix of granite and brick construction seems to indicate that this temple may have seen renovation during different periods in history and different rulers may have played a role in the construction of the temple though there are no specific records available to this effect.
In centuries gone by, the landmark to this place was denoted as being South of Arasalaaru and North of Mudikondan River. Passing the three tiers Rajagopuram, is the spacious Mahamandapam built on the Vavathri style with Garuda Bhagwan, flag post – Kodimaram, kitchen and the temple office.

With Jaya and Vijaya as the Dwarapalakas – Security, Lord Kothanda Ramar appears mercifully from the sanctum sanctorum with Mother Sita, Lakshmana and Sri Anjaneya facing east.  There are also shrines in the temples for Vaishnavite Acharyas Sri Ramanuja and Manavala Maamunigal.
The temple with such rich historical and mythological background is being renovated. The mandapam, flooring, roof and Madapalli are all being refurbished. The temple tasks also include electrical, plumbing and painting works that are being undertaken.
New vahanams, in the place of the old ones, which are said to have existed once upon a time, will be given a new looking. Donations are solicited to complete this religious endeavor at the earliest.
Moolavar: Kalyana Rama in an East Facing Standing Posture.
Utsavar: Kothanda Rama
Nearby Temples are: Gopinatha Perumal Temple (One km West), Jagannathan Perumal Divyadesam in Nathan Koil (Four km East), Sundara Perumal Koil (Four km West) and Kalinga Nardhana Temple in Oothukadu (12 km South West).
Temple Opening Time
The temple is open from 6.00 a.m. to 10.00 a.m. and from 5.00 p.m. to 8.00 p.m.
Festivals
·        Srirama Navami in March-April
·        Hanuman Jayanthi
·        10day Navarathri Brahmotsavam
·        Rama Navami Kalyana Utsavam
·        30day Utsavam in Margazhi
Prayers
Majority of the devotees are those in the silk weaving trade. They perform abishek to Lord Kothandarama and light ghee lamps in the shrine.
Contact 
Sri Kothanda Ramaswami Temple,
Patteeswaram – 612 703  
Kumbakonam Taluk, Thanjavur district.
Phone: +91 435-241 6976
Varadaraja Bhattar: 98405 78704
Connectivity
Patteeswaram is about 8 km southwest of Kumbakonam. Frequent bus facility is available from Kumbakonam. An auto from the Kumbakonam railway station will cost Rs. 125. Buses every half hour from Kumbakonam Bus stand (Aavoor bound buses).
While at Patteeswaram, also visit Gopinatha Perumal Temple (1km West), Jagannathan Perumal Divya Desam in Nathan Koil (4kms East), Sundara Perumal Koil (4kms West) and Kalinga Narthana Temple in Oothukadu (12kms South West).
Nearest Railway Stations are located at Darasuram, Kumbakonam & Thanjavur. Nearest Airport is located at Trichy.

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