Thursday, August 23, 2018

Thiruparankundram Dargah, Madurai

Thiruparankundram Dargah, Madurai
Thiruparankundram Dargah is a Muslim religious and pilgrimage site located at the top of the Thiruparankundram Hill in Thiruparankundram at outskirts of Madurai City in Madurai District of Tamil Nadu. It is a famous Islamic dargah (shrine), with the grave of Islamic saint Sultan Sikandhar Badushah Shaheed.

Sultan Sikandhar Badhusha Shaheed:
Sikandhar Badushah, who was the governor of Jeddah, came along with Sultan Syed Ibrahim Shaheed Badushah who came to Tamil Nadu in particular Ervadi from Madinah during the late 12th century.
Sikandhar Badhusha Rule in Madurai:
Badushah Sultan Syed Ibrahim Shaheed Labswh of Erwadi won the Madurai province against the King Thiru Pandiyan who refused to convert to Islam and made Sultan Sikandhar Badushah the emperor of Madurai. King Tiru Pandiyan went to Tirupati, met all his friends and briefed them about the invasion of the Arabs. They helped him form a large troop.
War after Tirupandiyan's return:
After forming a big and healthy troop to face the Arabs, King Thiru Pandiyan started towards Madurai. The emperor, who was unaware about this turnaround, concentrated in spreading Islam and in the welfare of the people rather than strengthening the army. Thiru Pandiyan's strong army fought with Sultan Sikandhar Badhusha vigorously. Thousands of soldiers were killed on both sides. The Arabs needed more troops to face the Pandiyans. Sultan Sikandhar Badhusha sent nine of his soldiers to inform Sultan Syed Ibrahim Shaheed the ruler of Bouthiramanikkapattinam (now Erwadi) to inform about the war and the need of more troops.
Afraid of more soldiers arriving from Ervadi, King Thiruppandiyan sent a large number of his soldiers to stop the Arabian soldiers. Syed Salaar Sha Shaheed was killed at Palli Chandai near Keeladi Suleiman and Syed Ibrahim Shaheed Razi at Karseri near Sakkimangalam. The remaining seven soldiers fought and continued their journey towards Ervadi. Again, a large group of Pandiyan soldiers followed them up and a rigorous war held at Manamadurai in which five of the Arabian soldiers called as Khamsatu Shuhadaas (Anjanamaar - Paanch Peer) were killed.
The remaining two soldiers traveled hard to convey the message to the Emperor of Erwadi. Umar Khattab Shaheed was killed at Kilavaneri near Meesal. The only soldier alive was seriously injured by the Pandiyans. He managed to reach Bouthiramanikkapattanam and conveyed the message of Thiuppandiyan's invasion back to Madurai. Sultan Syed Ibrahim Badushah was saddened by this and sent a large troop towards Madurai. Before the troop could reach Madurai, the war came to an end and Thiruppandiyan recaptured the throne.
Martyrdom at Thiruparankundram Hills:
Sultan Sikandhar Badhusha Shaheed rested at Thiruparankundram caves for prayers and peace. Even after capturing the throne, King Thiruppandiyan suspected the resurgence of Sultan Sikandhar Badushah and the Arabian forces. He searched for Sultan Sikandhar Badhusha Shaheed. Thousands of soldiers were sent, and finally they could see a rock flying up and settling down regularly in the Thiruparankundram hill. When they followed that, they saw an Arabian horse which they confirmed to be of Sultan Sikandhar Badhusha. A few soldiers reached the cave where they found the rock to fly up while Sultan Sikandhar Badhusha stood for prayers and settle down when he was prostrating. One of the mal'oon from the soldiers of Pandiya killed Sultan Sikandhar Badhusha Shaheed during his prostration in prayers.
Realizing the sudden blindness to be the miracle (Karamat) of Sultan Sikandhar Badhusha, the assassin begged and lamented for forgiveness. Accepting their forgiveness, Mustajab Ad Dua Sikandhar Badhusha prayed and gave back his vision. As intended, they did the funeral of Holy Jasada Mubarak at the top of the hill as per Islamic regulations. A big rock flew and covered the Qabr of Sultan Sikandhar Badushah. There are other miracles (Karamat) of Sultan Sikandhar Badhusha happening day to day in the dargah and other the locations as believed by the visiting people.
Site of Religious Harmony Today:
Irrespective of religion, people from many parts of Tamil Nadu and from Kerala visit this dargah. People who visit the Ervadi Dargah in Ramanathapuram district are supposed to visit this dargah. Many poems are written in praise of Sultan Sikandhar Badhusha, by Syed Abdussalam Ibrahim Salim Madurai Maqbara, the third in the list of Madurai Hazrats and his maternal grandson Syed Abdus Salaam Ibrahim Saahib. It is seen that people who come here with a wish see it answered in a very short time, and so he is called Mustajab ad Du'aa Sikandhar Badhushah. Mustajab Ad Du'aa in Arabic translates as "a saint whose prayers are immediately answered by Allah."
Urus Santhanakoodu Festival
The anniversary Urs festival of Sultan Sikander Badushah Shaheed is commemorated on the 17th night of the Islamic month of Rajab every Hijri year. Thousands of people visit the dargah at the hill top on this day. Arrangements are made by the dargah committee and the local police for the welfare of the pilgrims.
The Dargah is located at about 1.5 Kms from Thiruparankundram Bus Stand, 2 Kms from Thiruparankundram Railway Station, 9 Kms from Madurai, 7 Kms from Madurai Periyar Bus Stand, 14 Kms from Madurai Mattuthavani Integrated Bus Terminus, 7 Kms from Madurai Railway Junction, 8 Kms from Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple, 7 Kms from Madurai Koodal Azhagar Temple, 13 Kms from Thirumangalam and 9 Kms from Madurai Airport.
There is a bus stand with bus services connecting Thiruparankundram with other parts of Madurai and adjacent villages. Buses are available from Madurai Periyar Bus Stand. All the buses moving from Periyar Bus Stand to Thirumangalam go through Thiruparankundram. Frequent bus services are available from in and around Madurai. Route Nos. 5, 14, 22, 48, 49 and 52 from Periyar bus stand & Mattuthavani Bus stand covers Tiruparankundram. Also, Mofussil buses heading towards Kanyakumari, Nagercoil, Tirunelveli crosses here which seldom stops.
Thiruparankundram railway station is 6 Kms from Madurai Junction. Tiruparankundram Railway Station is in between Madurai and Thirumangalam railway stations, on the Chennai – Kanyakumari railway track. All passenger Trains running between Madurai and Tirunelveli, Nagercoil, Kollam stops at Tiruparankundram. Also, Tuticorin – Mysore Express stops here. Nearest Airport is Madurai Airport.
Location | Photos

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