Thursday, September 1, 2016

Sivaganga – General Information

Sivaganga – General Information
Sivaganga District is an administrative district of Tamilnadu state in Southern India. It is bounded by Pudukkottai district on the Northeast, Tiruchirapalli district on the North, Ramanathapuram district on South East, Virudhunagar district on South West and Madurai District on the West. As of 2011, the district had a population of 1,339,101 with a sex-ratio of 1,003 females for every 1,000 males.
Area
4189 Sq.Kms
Population  
District:  13,39,101 (census 2011)
Taluk:  2,90,799 (census 2011)
Climate/summer
Max.38 C
Winter
Max.30 C
Rainfall
50 cms. Average
STD Code
04575
Pin Code
630 561
History
For brief details, please refer below link;
Geography
Sivaganga district of Tamil Nadu spreads over 4,189 km2. The geographical position of Sivaganga district is between 9° 43' and 10° 2' north latitude and between 77° 47' and 78° 49' east longitude. It is bounded on the north and northeast by Pudukkottai District, on the southeast and south by Ramanathapuram District, on the southwest by Virudhunagar District, and on the west by Madurai District, and on the northwest by Tiruchirappalli District.
Administration
Sivaganga is the district headquarters; however Karaikudi is the biggest city in Sivaganga District. The district which has 7 taluks in 2 revenue division.
Revenue Division
Taluks
No. of revenue villages
Sivaganga
4 (SivagangaManamaduraiIlayankudiThirupuvanam)
267
Devakottai
3 (DevakottaiKaraikudiTiruppattur)
255
Total
7
521
Demographics
According to the 2011 census, Sivagangai district had a population of 1,339,101 with a sex-ratio of 1,003 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929. A total of 137,235 were under the age of six, constituting 70,022 males and 67,213 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 17.01% and .06% of the population respectively. In addition, the average literacy of the district was 71.67%, compared to the national average of 72.99%, while the district had a total of 338,938 households.
On the other hand, there is a total of 620,171 workers, comprising 117,030 cultivators, 122,166 main agricultural labourers, 9,864 in house hold industries, 212,042 other workers, 159,069 marginal workers, 23,973 marginal cultivators, 77,397 marginal agricultural labourers, 4,792 marginal workers in household industries and 52,907 other marginal workers.
Education
Government Sivagangai Medical College and Hospital is an Educational Institution located in outskirts of Sivagangai Municipality, Tamilnadu.
Economy
In 2006, the Ministry of Panchayat Raj named Sivaganga as one of the country's 250 most backward districts out of a total of 640. Consequently, it is one of the six districts in Tamilnadu currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
Graphite:
Graphite is one of the common resources available in Sivagangai. Very valuable graphite is available in Sivagangai and its surrounding areas. The Sivaganga graphite is of flaky variety with 14% average Fixed Carbon used in the manufacture of refractory bricks, expanded graphite, crucibles & carbon brushes. TAMIN has over 600 acres of graphite bearing land in Pudupatti, Kumaripatti & Senthiudayanathapuram of Sivaganga taluk, Sivagangai District, Tamilnadu.
Estimated reserve of graphite ore in leasehold area is three million tonnes. (recoverable graphite from 14% F.C is approximately 3 lakh tonnes). The majority of the workforce is dependent on agriculture (72.8%). The principal crop of Sivaganga district is paddy rice. Most of the district has red soil.
Agriculture:
The vast majority of the workforce is dependent on agriculture (72.8%). In fact, the principal crop of Sivaganga district is paddy while majority of the district has red soil. The other crops that are grown are sugarcane, groundnut, pulses, and cereal such as millet. In response, the Tamilnadu Agricultural University plans to set up the state's first Red Soil Dry land Research Centre in Sivaganga district soon. As of December 2010, the Spices Board is also setting up a new spices park at Sivaganga on an investment of Rs. 180 million.
This park is operational from March 2011. It would be immensely helpful to farmers of chili, turmeric, medicinal plants and tamarind, as the focus would be to export their products. The spices park would establish machinery for cleaning, sorting, grading, packaging, storing, and sterilizing among others. The focus would be to encourage the farmers to plant chili, a leading crop in Ramanathapuram, Sivaganga and nearby districts, as well as turmeric crops. Medicinal plants, being raised in and around Madurai district, would also get a boost, as it was planned to patronize farmers of medicinal plants.
Sugar Industry:
The Sakthi sugar factory is also located in Sivaganga. It provides employment to more than 1,000 labourers directly and indirectly. With this, it has the capability to produce more than 5,000 tons of sugar per day.
Solar Power Farm:
Moser Baer Clean Energy Limited (MBCEL) has commissioned a 5 MW grid connected solar PV project at Sivaganga, Tamilnadu. The project was awarded to Sapphire Industrial Infrastructure Pvt. Ltd., a wholly owned subsidiary of the farm, through a competitive bidding process conducted by the Tamilnadu Renewable Development Agency. The project is, then, implemented under the 50 MWp generation based incentive scheme of the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Government of India.
Television Plant:
Videocon is setting up a Rs. 1,600-crore plant for colour television sets and other electronic consumer durable at Manamadurai.
Chettinad
Chettinad is the homeland of the Nattukottai Chettiars (Nagarathar), a prosperous banking and business community. It is well known for its Chettinad cuisine, which is very hot and spicy. In fact, Chettinad has one of the South Indian cuisines with large number of specialty restaurants. A typical meal will have meat, a large number of courses, and is served on a banana leaf.
Also, the old Chettiar mansions are rich in heritage, art and architecture. For example, Kanadukathan has one such beautiful palatial house. The affluence of the Chettiars is shown off in their palatial houses. Carved teak wood doors and frames, marble floors, granite pillars, Belgian mirrors and Italian tiles are the norms.
Places of Interest
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Hotels List
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Connectivity
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