Friday, September 9, 2016

Namakkal – General Information

Namakkal – General Information
Namakkal District is an administrative district in the state of Tamilnadu, India. The district was bifurcated from Salem District with Namakkal town as Headquarters on 25-07-1996 and started to function independently from 01-01-1997. The district has seven taluks (subdivisions): Tiruchengode, NamakkalRasipuramVelurSendamangalamKomarapalayam & Kolli Hills. It has two Revenue Divisions: Namakkal and Tiruchengode.

It was ranked second in a comprehensive Economic Environment index ranking of districts in Tamilnadu, not including Chennai, prepared by Institute for Financial Management and Research in August 2009. It was a major source of Tamilnadu Economy. As of 2011, Namakkal district had a population of 1,726,601 with a sex-ratio of 986 females for every 1,000 males.

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The district is bounded by Salem on the North, Karur on the South, Trichy and Salem on the East and Erode on the West. The Geographical area of the district is 3363.35 Kms which lies between 11.00 and 11.360 North Latitude and 77.280 and 78.300 East Longitude. Namakkal District comes under the North Western Agro climatic zone of Tamilnadu.
It is situated in the dividing portion of two watersheds between Cauvery and the Vellar System with the Taluks of Attur, Rasipuram and Namakkal on the East and Salem, Omalur and Mettur on the West. Tiruchengode Taluk alone is placed under Western Agro-climatic zone.

Besides the above two zones, Kolli and a few isolated hills and ridges are scattered over Namakkal, Rasipuram, and Tiruchengode and along with the valleys and rolling hills, make up the characteristic topography of the district.

For Administrative purposes, the district has been divided into 2 Revenue Divisions, 4 Taluks, 30 Revenue Firkas and 454 Revenue Villages (Including group Villages). For local arrangements, the district has been divided into 5 Municipalities, 15 Panchayats Unions, 19 Town Panchayats and 331 Village Panchayats. 

According to 2011 census, Namakkal district had a population of 1,726,601 with a sex-ratio of 986 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929. A total of 150,699 were under the age of six, constituting 78,754 males and 71,945 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 20 % and 3.3% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the district was 68.12%, compared to the national average of 72.99%.
The district had a total of 475,511 households. There were a total of 898,245 workers, comprising 152,497 cultivators, 228,614 main agricultural labourers, 35,156 in house hold industries, 422,885 other workers, 59,093 marginal workers, 5,976 marginal cultivators, 25,112 marginal agricultural labourers, 3,641 marginal workers in household industries and 24,364 other marginal workers.
The main occupation in the district is agriculture. The cultivation generally depends on monsoon rains, wells, and tanks. Nearly 90 percent of the cultivated area is under food crops. The principal cereal crops of this district are paddycholamCumbu and ragi. Panivaragu, Kuthiraivali, Saamai Varagu and Thinai are some of the millets cultivated. Among pulses, the major crops are red gram, black gram, green gram and horse gram. Among oil, seeds, groundnutcastor, and gingelly (sesame) occupy important places. Of the commercial crops, sugarcanecotton and tapioca are some of the important crops. Tapioca is used for the manufacture of sago.

Namakkal district is noted for Truck and Lorry external body building which dates back to 1956. Throughout India, Tiruchengode is known for its Body Building industry for Trucks, Trailers, Tankers, and Rig Units. Finished trucks and Rig Units are even exported to foreign countries from Namakkal. Nearly 25000 people are employed, both directly and indirectly, in truck body building activity and about 300 units in Namakkal and 100 Units in Tiruchengode are engaged in this activity.
Poultry development has been rather phenomenal in the district of Namakkal. The district is also well known for its poultry and dairy industries, accounting for a bulk of supply of poultry products to neighbouring industries. In fact, Namakkal produces about 65% of the egg output of Tamilnadu.
Places of Interest
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Hotels List
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