Tuesday, October 18, 2016

Thirukkavalampadi (Gopalakrishna Perumal Temple), Thirunangur – Legends

Thirukkavalampadi (Gopalakrishna Perumal Temple), Thirunangur – Legends
Vishnu appearing in eleven forms on Shiva request:
The legends of all the eleven temples of Thirunangur are closely associated with each other. As per legend, the Hindu god Shiva started dancing in fury at this place after the death of his consort Uma due to the yagna (sacrifice) of Daksha. Each time his lock of hair touched the ground; there were eleven other forms of Shiva who appeared. The celestial deities were worried that if the dance continues, it would result in decimation of entire creations. They prayed to Vishnu for help, who appeared at this place.
On seeing Vishnu, Shiva's anger was reduced and he requested Vishnu to appear in eleven forms like he did. On his request, Vishnu appeared in eleven different forms at Thirunangur. Arimeya Vinnagaram literally translates to the place where Hari (another name of Vishnu) resides.
The eleven places where Vishnu appeared are believed to be where the eleven temples in Thirunangur are located. They are;
Gopalakrishnan along with Rukmini and Satyabama.
Purushothaman along with Purushothama Naayaki.
Thiru Sempon Sei Kovil
Perarulalan along with Allimaamalar Naachiyar.
Thiru Devanar Thogai
Deiva Naayagan along with Kadal Magal Naachiyar.
Thiru Mani Koodam
Varadharaja Perumal along with Thirumagal Naachiyar and Bhoomi Piratti.
Thiru Paarthanpalli
Thamarai Kelvan along with Thamarai Naayaki, in standing posture in all the above Kshetrams.
Thirumanimaada Kovil
Narayana Gyana Nandha Vilaku along with Pundarigavalli.
Thiruvaali Thirunagari
Amrudhavalli Vedharajan, Narashimar along with Amrudha Kada valli.
Thiru Vaigunda Vinnagaram
Vaigunda Nadhan along with Periya Piratti.
Arimeya Vinnagaram
Kudamaadu Koothan along with Amrudha Kada valli, in sitting posture in above 4 Kshetrams.
Thirutheythri Ambalam
Shenkann Maal along with Sengamalavalli, in sleeping posture of the type Bhujanga Sayanam.
Krishna and his consort Sathya Bhama chose this location for their garden:
As per another legend, Krishna, the eighth incarnation of Vishnu and his consort Sathya Bhama chose this location for their garden as it was looking like the one in the palace of the king of celestial deities, Indra.
Krishna saved an elephant at this place:
Kavalam indicates elephant and padi indicates place - it is believed that Krishna saved an elephant at this place leading to the name of the temple. The event is described in the verses of Tirumangai Azhwar in Nalayira Divya Prabandham.
Kavalam means a small quantity of food. Here the Lord accepts the pure state of His devotees as food and so this place is called Kavalampadi. So there is no Madapalli (place to cook food for the lord) here.
Shiva directing Krishna to this place:
Krishna went in search of the Parijatha flowers to please the desire of Satyabama. After a long search he meditated on Siva, who revealed to him that the lake filled with Parijatha flowers is at this Kshetram.
Equivalent to Dwaraka:
This shrine is considered equivalent to Dwaraka since the Lord is present with Rukmini and Sathyabama.
Prathyaksham is given for Vishwaksenar, the army chief of Nithyasuri and the son of Kundalai, Lord Varuna (Rain god) and Rudhran.
Vishwaksenar got Dharshan of Krishna here:
Once Sage Dhurvasar was doing the penance, God Indra wanted to disturb the penance. So he sent Kundali to disturb the penance of the sage Dhurvasar.  Hence she gained the curse of the Sage Dhurvasar. Because of this, she had to be born as a hunter's daughter. One day, Lord Varuna loved her and as a result, they got married. Vishwaksenar was the son born to them. Vishwaksenar did a hard penance; hence he was made as the chief of Nithyasuris - the good spirits who live in Paramapadha, which is near to Lord Narayana. Then Vishwaksenar requested Lord Narayana to give the darshan as Lord Krishna and the Lord fulfilled his wish here. 
Rudra worshipped Vishnu here:
As once Rudran killed Lord Brahma, he was caught by the Brahma Hathi Dhosham.  To overcome this dosham, he prayed to Lord Vishnu at Kadamba kshetram, Kandiyur and this is a place to get rid of the Dhosham. 

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