Thursday, June 1, 2017

Ambal Brahmapureeswarar Temple, Thiruvarur

Ambal Brahmapureeswarar Temple, Thiruvarur
Ambal Brahmapureeswarar Temple is a Hindu temple located at Ambal in Thiruvarur district of Tamilnadu. Now the place is known as Koilpatthu. The presiding deity is Shiva. He is called as Brahmapureeswarar. His consort is known as Poonkuzhalammai. It is one of the shrines of the 275 Paadal Petra Sthalams - Shiva Sthalams glorified in the early medieval Thevaram poems by Tamil Saivite Nayanar Tirugnanasambandar. This is the 171st Devaram Paadal Petra Shiva Sthalam and 54th Sthalam on the south side of river Cauvery in Chozha Nadu. Somaasimaara Naayanar was born in this place. This place is also called as Amparperuntirukkoil, Brahmapuri and Punnakavanam.



Legends
For brief details, please refer below link;
The Temple
This Shivastalam temple is one of the oldest and one among the 70 Maadakovils built by Ko Chenkata Cholan. The main Raja Gopuram is of three storeys and two prakaram. Presiding Deity is called as Brahmapureeswarar / Ambareesar / Maarapureeswarar. Mother is called as Sukantha Kunthalaampikai / Poonkuzhalammai / Vantamar Poonkuzhali. Sthala Vriksham is Punnai (Mast Wood Tree). Theertham of this Temple are Brahma Theertham, Indra Theertham, Annamaam Poykai and Choola Theertham.



The shrine of presiding male deity is facing east and that of presiding female deity is facing south. There is a shrine for Vinayakar who is known as Padikkasu Pillaiyar. In the sanctum of Padikkasu Vinayakar, there are three small Vinayaka icons in succession. In the paved corridor are the sanctum of Vinayakar, Subramanyar, Mahalakshmi and Jambukeswarar. The sanctum of the Goddess, who is standing, is separate. Outside to the sanctum, on both the sides are the sanctum of Adippoora Amman and the bed chamber.


After going around the sanctum and climbing up the steps and reach the upper storey, we can see Lord Somaskanda’s sanctum and the prime icons of Vinayaka, Kochengata Cholan, Saraswathi, Sambandar and Appar. Worshipping the Door-Guards and Lord Vinayaka, we can enter through the small doorway and worship the Prime Deity in the sanctum. On the rear side of the Prime Deity appears Lord Somaskanda. On the right is the court of Lord Nataraja. There are three Ampalavaana icons in this temple.


As koshta icons are Vinayaka, Dakshinamurthy, Mahavishnu and Brahma. The festival icons that can be worshipped are the big icon standing with Nandi who revealed to Brahma, Brahma and Naalvar. Other notable shrines are Paathaleswarar on the north side and Punnagavareswarar under the Punnai tree. The three inscriptions in this temple belong to the periods of King Raja Raja Cholan and King Kulothunga III.


Temple Opening Time
The temple is open from morning 6’o clock to 11.00 am and in the evening from 4.30 to 8.30 pm.
Festivals
Maasi Maham, Maha Sivarathiri, Margazhi Thiruvathirai and Aippasi Annabishekam are the festivals celebrated in this temple with much fanfare.
Literary Mention
This is the 171st Devaram Paadal Petra Shiva Sthalam and 54th Sthalam on the south side of river Cauvery in Chozha Nadu. Tirugnanasambandar has sung hymns in praise of Lord Shiva of this temple. Thiru Navukarasar has mentioned about this place in his work. Arunagirinathar sang Thirupugazh on Lord Murugan of Ambal Temple. Sthala Puranam was written by Vidwan Meenakshi Sundaram Pillai.
Tirugnanasambandar describes the feature of the deity as:
சங்கணி குழையினர் சாமம் பாடுவர்
வெங்கனல் கனல்தர வீசி யாடுவர்
அங்கணி விழவமர் அம்பர் மாநகர்ச்
செங்கண்நல் இறைசெய்த கோயில் சேர்வரே
Prayers
To fulfill their desires, people pray to the Goddess of this temple. When their desires are fulfilled, the devotees perform Sacred Bath to the Deity and adorn Him with new clothes.
Contact
Arulmigu Brahmapureeswarar Thirukkoil,
Ambal P.O. via Poonthottam,
Nannilam Taluk,
Thiruvarur District – 609 503
Phone: +91 – 4366 – 238 973
Connectivity
Ambal is located at about 5 Kms east of Poonthottam, 9 Kms south east of Peralam, 24 Kms from Thiruvarur, 25 Kms from Mayiladuthurai, 40 Kms from Kumbakonam, 80 Kms from Thanjavur and 140 Kms from Trichy. Another Paadal Petra Shivastalam Ambar Maakaalam is situated at about 1 Km from here on the west direction. Nearest Railway Station is located at Thiruvarur & Poonthottam and Nearest Airport is located at Trichy. 

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