Sunday, February 21, 2016

Vijayamangai Vijayanatheswarar Temple, Thanjavur

Vijayamangai Vijayanatheswarar Temple, Thanjavur
Vijayamangai Vijayanatheswarar Temple is a Hindu temple located at Tiruvijayamangai in Thanjavur district of TamilnaduIndia. The presiding deity is Shiva. He is called as Vijayanatheswarar. His consort is known as Mangalanayagi. Tiruvijayamangai is situated at a distance of 4 kilometres from Thiruppurambiyam in Thanjavur district and 11 kilometres from Kumbakonam. Lord Shiva in the temple is a Swayambumurthy. The scar caused by the hit of Arjuna’s bow is still visible on the Linga.

This is the 101st Devaram Paadal Petra Shiva Sthalam and 47th Sthalam on the north side of river Cauvery in Chozha Nadu. Thiruganasambhandar has sung hymns in praise of Lord Shiva of this temple. 
Legends
According to the Indian epic Mahabharata, Arjuna desired to get the Pasupatha missile to conquer the Kurukshetra war.  Lord Krishna told him that though he got many weapons with the blessings of his father Indira, for Pasupatha he had to appeal to Lord Shiva only. Arjuna came to this place and performed penance on Lord Shiva.  Dhuryodhana sent demon Mookasura to spoil the penance and kill Arjuna. Lord Shiva appeared at the spot as a hunter with Mother Parvathi followed by four dogs representing the four Vedas.  Lord shot an arrow on the Mookasura pig and killed it while simultaneously Arjuna too hit the pig with his arrow. 

An argument arose between and Hunter Lord and Arjuna as to whose arrow hit the animal first.  War of words between the two ended in true fight.  Lord broke Arjuna’s arrow.  Exasperated Arjuna hit the Lord with the broken arrow and the impact of the blow was felt by all in the three worlds.  Lord appeared before him with Mother Parvathi in his true form and blessed him with the Pasupatha weapon.
The scar on the Linga is still visible on the Linga.  As Arjuna-Vijaya performed penance here, the place was named Tiru Vijaya Mangai.  Lord Shiva in the temple is a Swayambumurthy.  The scar caused by Arjuna is still visible on the Shiva Linga.
The Temple
The temple was constructed by the Medieval Cholas in accordance with contemporary Chola designs. The presiding deity is Shiva and the consort is Mangalanayagi or Mangalambikai. There are smaller shrines to Ganesha, DakshinamoorthySurya and Chandra.

Presiding deity Lord Shiva is facing east.  Mother Mangalambikai is facing south.  There are shrines of Lords Nardana Vinayaka, Anugraha Dakshinamurthy, Sun and Moon.

The temple is built in accordance with the Chola designs.  The one different feature of the temple is that the Rajagopuram is smaller than the tower above the sanctum sanctorum.  Mother Mangala Nayaki graces devotees with her two hands with Abhaya Mudra (assuring protection to devotees), one with Akshamala and Neelothpala flower in the fourth.  Saint Arunagiriar had sung the glory of Lord Muruga in the temple in his Thirupugazh hymns.

The temple is small but maintained beautifully. The Kumbabishekam might have been conducted in recent years. Only Dakshinamoorthy is seen in koshta moortham. Moolavar vimanam is higher than the entrance small Rajagopuram. There is a scar on Moolavar due to Arjuna’s arrow.

Significance
It is one of the shrines of the 275 Paadal Petra Sthalams - Shiva Sthalams glorified in the early medieval Tevaram poems by Tamil Saivite Nayanars Tirugnanasambandar and Tirunavukkarasar. This is the 47th Shiva temple on the northern bank of Cauvery praised in Thevaram hymns.
Literary Mention
Tirugnanasambandar describes the feature of the deity as:
“தோடமர் காதினன் துதைந்த நீற்றினன்
ஏடமர் கோதையோ டினித மர்விடம்
காடமர் மாகரி கதறப்போர்த்ததோர்
வேடம துடையணல் விசய மங்கையே.”
Tirunavukkarasar describes the feature of the deity as:
“வந்து கேண்மின் மயல்தீர் மனிதர்காள்
வெந்த நீற்றன் விசயமங் கைப்பிரான்
சிந்தை யால்நினை வார்களைச் சிக்கெனப்
பந்து வாக்கி உய்யக்கொளுங் காண்மினே”
Temple Opening Time
The temple is open from 8.00 a.m. to 12.00 a.m. and from 5.00 p.m. to 7.00 p.m.
Prayers
Those facing delays in marriage pray in the temple for early results. Devotees perform abishek, offer vastras to Lord and Mother and contribute for the renovation of the temple.
Festivals
Masi Maha Shivrathri is grandly celebrated in the temple in February-March.
Contact
Arulmighu Vijayanathar Temple
Tiruvisayamangai, Govindhaputhur
Pullapoothankudi Post
Kumbakonam Taluk
Thanjavur District - 612301
Phone: +91- 435- 294 1912, 94435 86453, 93443 30834
Connectivity
Thiruppurambiyam is 11 Km far from Kumbakonam. The temple is 4 km from this place. Autos are available. Travel from Kumbakonam to Tiruvaikavur by Bus and get down at Govindhaputhur to reach the temple. Another paadal Petra sthalam Tiruvaikavur is located nearby. The temple is between Thiruvaikavoor and Thiruppurambiyam, 100 meters of the road. This temple is located 2 Kms from Thiruvaikavoor.
Nearest Railway Station is located at Kumbakonam & Thanjavur. Nearest Airport is located at Trichy.

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