Friday, July 27, 2018

Azhagiya Ramar Temple, Kaveripakkam, Vellore

Azhagiya Ramar Temple, Kaveripakkam, Vellore
Azhagiya Ramar Temple is a Hindu Temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu located at Kaveripakkam Town in Vellore District of Tamilnadu. Although the presiding Deity is Varadaraja Perumal, the temple takes its name from Lord Rama Shrine in the Temple. Kaveripakkam is located on the banks of River Palar.

For brief details, please refer below link;
The Temple
This is a small temple with a 3 tier Rajagopuram. The Azhagiya Rama Temple is actually dedicated to Varadaraja Perumal. This deity, more than six feet in height including the pedestal, is in a standing pose holding the conch (Sankha) and discus (Chakra) in the upper hands, with the lower right hand in the pose of blessing devotees (abhaya mudra) and lower left hand resting on the top of the mace (gada).

The processional image, seen with consorts Sridevi and Bhudevi, is worshipped as Sundara Varadar. The shrine for Azhagiya Rama, after whom this temple takes its name, has the stone images of Rama, Lakshmana and Sita all standing, with Anjaneya seen next to Lakshmana. Goddess Lakshmi is worshipped here as Sundaravalli Thayar. A unique image of Madapalli Nachiyar (Goddess worshipped in the temple kitchens) is here. This deity is in a natural pose, with her garment slightly hitched up as a lady in a kitchen.  

There is a unique image of Garuda where he is seen with the left leg on the ground, and the right leg bent and uplifted as though just about to fly. This deity is called Ashtanaga Garuda as there are eight serpents (naga) on his body. Two are earrings, two around the wrists, two are on the shoulders, one is a garland and one is around the waist. There is special Thirumanjanam to Garuda every Valarpirai Panchami.

It has been believed there is a secret subway leading to Vellore fort from this temple. There is a window in the wall of the main sanctum and is said to be carved in single stone. The designs of the window are different in both the sides which is very rare case in single stone window. Theertham associated with this Temple is Ksheera Pushkarini. The temple tank Ksheera Pushkarani is to the right of the temple from the entrance.

Temple Opening Time
The temple remains open in the mornings from 7 am to 10 am and in the evenings from 5 pm to 9 pm.
The earliest inscriptions here, dating to the 9th century, belong to the reigns of Nripatungavarman and Kampavarman of the Pallava dynasty. A few inscriptions in fragmentary condition, found in Azhagiya Ramar temple, are of great interest. The most important inscription is found on the Jagadi of Azhagiya Rama temple and is dated in the reign of Chola, Rajakesari. It refers to a merchant of a market named “Kirtimartanda Kalapuiyam”. The merchant named Cappakan son of Kumara chetti, gifted 90 sheep for burning a perpetual temp to Lord Kalapriyadeva, named after the title Kirti Marthanda. The sheep were entrusted in the hands of some shepherds. The Rajakesarivarman of this record may be Rajaraja Chola I.

The next record is important. The area in which the temple of Kalapriyadeva is located is now called Loka Mahadevipuram. Loka Mahadevi was the name of the Chief queen of Rajaraja after whom several townships were created in the time of Rajaraja. So, it is clear that Rajaraja has paid special attention to this town and re-established it as a merchant town. Earlier it was called a market town Kirti-Marthanda Kalapriyam after this temple. Another fragmentary record mentions the gift of several jewels, Silver and brass vessels and also arrangement of 7 days festival.

The merchant guild received nine Kalanju of gold and in lieu of interest resolved to supply provisions for the seven days festival. The gold was gifted by a commander in chief. The village was called “Kavidippakkam” obviously a region gifted to a commander in chief who was conferred the 'Kavidi' title that also suggests the importance of it as a strategic centre. Inscriptions mention the historic names of Kaveripakkam as Vikrama Chola Chaturvedi Mangalam after Vikrama Chola (1118-1135 AD) and also as Vijayaganda Gopala Chaturvedimangalam and Avani Narayana Chaturvedi Mangalam.

The Temple is located at about 2 Kms from Kaveripakkam Bus Stand, 3 Kms from Thiruparkadal, 6 Kms from Sirukarumbur, 18 Kms from Walajah Railway Station, 17 Kms from Ranipet, 20 Kms from Marudhalam Railway Station, 30 Kms from Kanchipuram, 32 Kms from Sholinghur, 39 Kms from Arakkonam, 41 Kms from Vellore, 90 Kms from Chennai Airport and 99 Kms from Chennai. Kaveripakkam on right on the Bangalore – Chennai highway.