Wednesday, February 15, 2017

Thirukkarai Easwarar Temple, Peranamallur, Thiruvannamalai

Thirukkarai Easwarar Temple, Peranamallur, Thiruvannamalai
Thirukkarai Easwarar Temple is dedicated to Hindu God Shiva located at Peranamallur in Thiruvannamalai District of Tamilnadu. Presiding deity is called as Thirukkarai Easwarar and Mother is called as Thiripurasundari. Theertham of this Temple is Kochengata Chozhan Theertham.

Legends
Thirukkarai Easwarar Temple on the banks River Panaiyaar:
Once upon a time, there was a river called Panaiyaar flew in this area. Panaiyaar is got the name since plenty of panai trees there on the banks of this river. The chola king Kochenganan built this temple on the banks of the Panaiyaar.
War between two Kings:
The name of the place derives from the story that two kings fought against the other in this place. Since war happened between two groups of soldiers at this place, this town got name as "pe-ra-ni-mallur" then it became "pe-ra-ni-nallur" and now it called as “per-na-mallur".
The name due to the presence of Dam:
Some believe that the name Peranamallur got derived from the Dam built across Panaiyaar River.  
History
The temple was built by Kochengata Chola, a staunch Shiva devotee. Panaiyaar River was flowing through this place dense with Palm trees. He built the temple on the banks of the river.  A shrine was also built for Mother Thiripurasundari.  As the temple is on a river Karai (bank) and also as the destination for a devotee to reach the shores of salvation, Lord Shiva is named as Thirukkarai Easwarar bearing this meaning.
This place is one of the important places of Pallava and early Cholas on Thondaimandalam. The chola kings used to stay here for rest while they travel to Pazhaiyarai, so this became the head for all around the villages. It is mainly dominated and administrated by Samburayar kings in the past.
The Temple
Lord Shiva, as a swayambumurthy graces from the sanctum of Gajabrushta design. There is a story that a spider with the blessings it earned from Lord Shiva, was born as Kochengat Chozha. This temple was built by him and it is evidenced from the spider and elephant symbols on a pillar. The sacred tank also is named after the king. The pillars contain many epigraphic details. There are Naga figures on the upper wall of the Vidhana. The main entrance of the temple is on the southern side. The lamp post is outside the temple. The lamp post has trident of Lord Shiva, Sun, Moon, Nandhi and Vinayaka and Lord Muruga sculptures. 
There is also an idol of Kamadenu pouring its milk on Lord Shiva. There is also a Vinayaka sculpture so ancient belonging to Pallava period in a sitting form. In the corridor-prakara of Lord Shiva, are shrines for Lord Muruga, Navagrahas the nine planets and Bhairava.  Jeshtadevi, sister of Mahalakshmi also appears as a carved sculpture in a sitting form. She is holding the crow flag and donkey vahana. There are also two boys nearby. The Temple Tank is called as Kochenganan Theertham and it is named after the builder.
There are Lord Shiva Temples on the four directions of this temple at Erumbur, Avaniyapuram, Injimedu and Pudukottai. There are also temples for Veetrirundha Perumal (Lord Vishnu in sitting form), Valargiri Velmurugan, Kannan, Varada Anjaneya, Angala Parameswari and Jain Temples. Etti Amman temple is in north of the temple who is the guardian deity of the place. There are Bali peeta and elephant sculptures and a beautiful statue of a male.
Temple Opening Time
The temple is open from 6.00 a.m. to 10 a.m. and from 5.00 p.m. to 8.00 p.m.
Festivals
Full Moon days, Pradosha the 13th day from new moon or full moon days, Masi Shivrathri in February-March and Aipasi Annabishekam in October-November are festivals celebrated in the temple.
Prayers
Devotees pray for crossing over the sea of birth and death to reach the shores attaining total salvation. Devotees perform abishek to Lord and Mother after realizing their wish and offer vastras.
Contact
Sri Thirukkarai Easwarar Temple,
Peranamallur, Thiruvannamalai District
Mobile: +91 94867 26471
Connectivity
The devotee has to reach Arani 58 km from Thiruvannamalai and proceed 18 km from here to reach Peranamallur. Peranamallur is located at about 20 kms far from Cheyyaru, Vandavasi and Arani. The place can also be reached on the route Vandavasi - Sattanthangal - lying at a distance of 20 km. Nearest Railway Station is located at Arani Road and Vellore. Nearest Airport is located at Chennai (130 Kms).

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