Monday, August 1, 2016

Brahmapureeswarar Temple, Thirukkuvalai, Nagapattinam

Brahmapureeswarar Temple, Thirukkuvalai, Nagapattinam
Brahmapureeswarar Temple or Tiurkolili is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva located in Thirukkuvalai in Nagapattinam district of Tamilnadu, India. The temple is revered by the hymns of 7th century Tamil Saivite poets, ApparSundarar & Sampanthar & is classified as Paadal Petra Sthalam. This is the 240th Devaram Paadal Petra Shiva Sthalam and 123rd Sthalam on the south side of river Cauvery in Chozhanadu.

Shiva helping Sundara Murthi Nayanar in feeding Shiva Devotees:
Lord Brahmapureeswarar of Thirukkuvalai is sung in Thevaram Hymns by all the three Acharyas. Sundara Murthi Nayanar was feeding Shiva Devotees at Thiruvarur for which he used to pray the Lord to give him Paddy/Gold so that it could be possible for him to carry out the Holy Task. During his visit to Thirukkuvalai, Sundarar prayed the Lord to show way for this noble cause. There was another devotee called Kundaiyur Kizhar, residing at Kundaiyur, about a km away from Thirukkuvalai, equally interested in feeding Shiva Bhakthas.

Shiva appeared in his dream and told him that he was blessing him with a mountain size of paddy to be handed over to Sundarar. On hearing this, Sundarar was delighted and wondered how it could be shifted to Thiruvarur. He sang a "Padhigam" in which he prayed the Lord to arrange for the shipment of paddy to Thiruvarur. As a Miracle, the Shiva Bootha Ganas shifted the entire paddy overnight and laid them in front of each house at Thiruvarur. 

Story behind the name Thirukolili:
Since Navagrahas "Kol" have worshipped Shiva here and stand in the same row unusually, those who visit this place are believed to get rid of "Navagraha Dhosha". Since the effect of Graha is nullified /reduced. Hence the place got the name, "Kol ili".

Bheema worshipping Shiva at this Place:
Bheema freed himself from the "Dhosha" of killing Bagaasura by worshipping at Thirukkuvalai.

The Temple
The main deity in this temple is Brahmapureeswarar, a small swayambu lingam, kept covered with a kavacham. Abhishekam to the Moolavar is performed only on every Amavasya (new moon days). His consort is Brihannayaki. Both Swami and Ambal Sannadhis face east. Thyagaraja Sannadhi is on the right of Sanctum where Brahmapureeswarar is the main deity. The Vidangar here is Avani Vidangar and the Abhishekam is performed every day at 9AM and 6 PM. 

Main deity is called as Sri Brahmapureeswarar, Sri Kolilinathar and Sri Kolili Natheswarar. Mother is called as Sri Vandamarpoonguzhali & Brihannayaki. This temple Thiyagarajar is the second to Thiruvarur Thyagarajar. This is also one of the Sabtha Vidanga sthalam (Avani Vidangar and Dance is Birunga Nadanam). Brahman worshiped Lord Shiva of this temple.

To get rid of Dosham (Brahmahatthi Dhosham) by killing Bahasuran, Veeman worshiped Lord of this temple. This story is depicted in the sudhai Sirpam in the Rajagopuram. Moolavar is of white sand and always coved with Kuvalai and hence this place is called as Thirukkuvalai.

Sannadhi for Sundarar with his wife Paravai, Thyaga Vinayagar, Viswanathar, Visalakshi, Indira Pureeswarar, Chokkalingam, Annamalayar, Naalvar, Mahalakshmi, Navagrahas (all are facing south direction in a single row). In koshtam Arthanareeswarar, Brahma, Durgai, Umamahesvara, Natarajar, Narthana Ganapathy, Pitchadanar, Dhakshinamoorthy and Thirumal with Sangu and Chakkaram are present. The sthala Viruksham is Thetha maram.

Inscriptions date back to the period Kulothunga Chola and Sadaya Varman Sundara Pandian are found in this Temple. They talk about their donations offered to oil the lamps inside the Temple.
Processional Dance
The Thyagarajar Temple at Tiruvarur is famous for the Ajaba thanam (dance without chanting), that is executed by the deity itself. According to legend, a Chola king named Muchukunda obtained a boon from Indra (a celestial deity) and wished to receive an image of Thyagaraja Swamy (presiding deity, Shiva in the temple) reposing on the chest of reclining Lord Vishnu. Indra tried to misguide the king and had six other images made, but the king chose the right image at Tiruvarur.
The other six images were installed in Thirukkuvalai, Nagapattinam, Tirukarayil, Tiurkolili, Thirukkuvalai and Thirumaraikadu. All the seven places are villages situated in the river Cauvery delta. All seven Thyagaraja images are said to dance when taken in procession (it is the bearers of the processional deity who actually dance). The temples with dance styles are regarded as Saptha Vidangam (seven dance moves) and the related temples are as under:
Vidangar Temple
Dance pose
Thyagarajar Temple
Dance without chanting, resembling the dance of Sri Thyagaraja resting on Lord Vishnu's chest
Dharbaranyeswarar Temple
Dance of an intoxicated person
Kayarohanaswamy Temple
Dancing like waves of sea
Kannayariamudayar Temple
Dancing like a cock
Brahmapureeswarar Temple
Dancing like a bee that hovers over a flower
Vaimoornaathar Temple
Dance like lotus that moves in a breeze
Vedaranyeswarar Temple
Dancing with the gait of a swan
Arulmigu Brahmmapuriswarar Kolili Naatheswarar Tirukkovil,
Tirukkuvalai - 610 204, Nagapattinam District
Phone: +91- 4366 - 329 268, 245 412
Mobile: 97862 44876
Thirukolili (Thirukkuvalai) is 35 km southwest of Thiruvarur. Buses are available from Thiruvarur and Kachanam on Thiruthuraipoondi road. The nearest railway station is at Thirunellikkaval, 20 km from this place. Tirukkuvalai is 13 km from Tirutturaippundi enroute Kachchanam – Ettukkudi. 
This Temple is located on the bus route Thiruvarur to Ettukkudi – before Ettukkudi. Thiruvarur to Vedaranyam bus passes through this village. Thirukkuvalai is about 5 Kms from Kachinam, on the road from Thiruvarur to Thiruthuraipoondi. Nearest Railway Station is located at Thiruvarur and Nearest Airport is located at Trichy.


Samba M said...

whether the one with the copper kavacham is moolavar?

Ilamurugan said...