Friday, December 25, 2015

Ennayira Malai (Ancient Jain cave, beds and inscriptions), Ennayiram

Ennayira Malai (Ancient Jain cave, beds and inscriptions), Ennayiram
Another attractive feature of this village is the presence of Ennayira malai or Ennayiram hill with Jain cave and beds, which is now called as Koodalur hill. The 23rd Thirthankarar of JainismParshavanathar, was nicely carved on the rock. There are 35 stone beds, a natural cave and five Tamil inscriptions.

Among the five inscriptions, one belongs to the period of the Pallava king Nirubathunga Varman (850 to 882 CE), while the remaining four belong to the period of Chola King Parantaka Chola I (907 to 953 CE). Near the hill, broken black and red painted pots from 1st to 2nd centuries CE were found in large numbers.

Ennayiram Malai is located 3 kms from the Villupuram- Gingee road at Mattaparai turn to S.Kunthur village near Gudalore. It is also called as Ivar malai and Panchapandavar malai.  It has historical importance for Jain beds and Cavern temple, identified as 9th Century AD or before.

Approximately 100 feet height and long wide rock has more than 35 stone Jain beds, had been lived by Jain sadhus in ancient times.  They preached the Jain principles and also treat the ailments of the people of the surrounding villages. It is evidenced by the stone-seats and medical-pits, used for gridding herbals, on the surfaces of the rock.   


Five stone inscriptions belong to 9th Century AD i.e the period of King Paranthaka Chola is there.  It reveals that some subsidies are granted for lighting to the nearby temples during that time.  In olden days the holy place is called as Senthamangalam (in Panaiyur administration).  So the cavern and the stone beds are carved before the period of inscriptions.

An engraved Statue of Shri Parshwanathar, the 23rd  Thirthankar, in a standing posture on a lotus with five-headed snake above the head and Shri  Dharanendhar, Yakshan on right side, having a 9th century fashion;  on one of a rock facing south with roof of a crowned rock that is supported by another one in front. Wonderfully, they made a shelter to that place.  In front of the Shri Parshwanathar statue the Jain monks has been done the worshipping and meditations.

Shri Lakshmisena Swamiji and Shri Dhavalakeerthy Swamiji and several donors / volunteers took effort for promoting this holy place. They covered the Statues with iron grill and paved flooring in front of that rock.  Raising steps from the bottom to the cavern also constructed for easy approach to the holy place.  And, also, mud-road was paved from the village to hill.

Frequent visit to the place will preserve the old monuments and prevent the use for evil purposes by some miscreant.

Local Contact: Mr. Rajendran. Mobile: +919488456327


Swathi said...

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ravi said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
ravi said...

i had successfully visited this site, after 80 km journey from cuddalore.up and down 160km my home to ancient cave site. i was shoking peoples engraved their names on the stone bed. beer bottles, cigarette cover spreading everywhere. i really enjoyed but i missed tamil enhrave on the stone and i found only 6 or 7 bed, author(ilamurugan) mentioned 39 stone beds. use Google map with gps because local people was stumbled when i ask ancient jain cave temple.even i am using gps, struggling find a right route. one more think rain water strorage facility(my assumption) build at the left side on the stone steps. thanks to author for this post and his work.

Ilamurugan said...

Thanks Sir. Careful analysis of this place will show you the other beds. Certain beds are damaged beyond recognition.

ravi said...

it's my mistake sir. if one more chance i got, i carefully search beds etc. thank you

Ilamurugan said...

Even i did not notice during my initial visit. During my second visit i found these beds. Thanks for visiting us. Please support us.

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