Wednesday, October 19, 2016

Keelaparasalur Veeratteswarar Temple, Nagapattinam

Keelaparasalur Veeratteswarar Temple, Nagapattinam
Keelaparasalur Veeratteswarar Temple is a Hindu temple located at Keelaparasalur in Nagapattinam district of TamilnaduIndia. The historical name of the place is Tiruppariyalur. The presiding deity is Shiva. He is called as Veeratteswarar. His consort is known as Ilam Kobanayal. It is one of the shrines of the 275 Paadal Petra Sthalams - Shiva Sthalams glorified in the early medieval Tevaram poems by Tamil Saivite Nayanar Tirugnana Sambandar. The temple is praised in the hymns of saint Arunagirinathar. This sthalam is one of the Attaveerattana (one of the eight heroic deeds) Sthalams of God Shiva.

God Shiva is believed to have vanquished Dakshan, father of Sathi, who refused to give his son-in-law Lord Shiva due recognition in the Yagna performed by him. Dakshan insulted his daughter when she came to the function even though she was not invited. Unable to bear the insult heaped on her by her father, Sathi died by self-immolation. Angered by the death of his wife, Lord Shiva then danced his Tandava and killed Dakshan through Veerabhadrar. Tiruppariyalur is dedicated to this episode in Shiva's life, where he is known as Daksha Samhara Moorthy. The processional deity (Utsava Moorthy) is a bronze idol of Daksha Samhara Moorthy, depicted as having Dakshan under the lord's feet.
Legends
As a Shiva devotee, Daksha gained boons from Lord Shiva, which only developed pride in him. He organized a great yajna without inviting Lord Shiva. Lord Shiva withdrew (Parithal in Tamil) the boons granted to him, thus the place came to be known as Tiru Parialur. It is also noteworthy that Daksha was the father of Dhakshayani, consort of Lord Shiva. As he failed in the formalities to be followed in respecting the boon giver, Lord Shiva destroyed him and his yajna. Other invitees like the Devas were also punished for accepting Daksha’s invitation knowing that he had erred in ignoring the Lord. Sun God lost a tooth. He has a shine in the temple worshipping the Lord daily for the wrong he has committed.
Veerabadhirar had cut the head of Dakshan in this place after the yaga was interrupted and vanquished Dakshan’s ego. The temple tank is regarded as the sacrificial altar of Daksha. During drought the actual altar is visible at the bottom. Devas are believed to have got rid of their fear caused by the demon Tharuka by worshipping Shiva at this kshetram. Dakshan selected this place to do Yagam and so known as Daksha puri.
The Temple
This is a small temple with a single prakaram. Inscriptions from the period of Jatavarman Sundara Pandya and Krishnadevaraya are found here. Presiding deity is known as Veerattaaneswarar as Swayambu lingam and the Ambal Ilankombanaiyaal, Balambika. Veerabadra swamy is present in a separate sanctum. Sengazhuneer Ganesa is also present in this Temple. This is one of the Atta Veeratta sthalam, there is a Pudai Sirpam in moolasthanam wall near Koshta Ganapathy, where Thakkan worshiping Lord Shiva.

The temple is facing west and the Rajagopuram was built recently. Moolavar is Suyambu on a square Aavudaiyar. Artha jaamam pooja is conducted only for Bairavar. There are Tamil inscriptions of Sundara Pandiyan Period found on the Karuvarai wall, but painted during the recent Thirupani, difficult to read. The beautiful Veerabhadra Idol with six hands is really a feast for the eye. The Yanthra behind the idol is very special. It is a small temple with a single praharam.

The Ambal Balambikai (Ilankombanaiyaal) is a 16 year old here and is graceful. The Dakshahattheshwarar (Veerabhadra) is next to the Ambal between the Shivan Sannidhi and Ambal both are facing north. Shrines of Lords Vinayaka, Viswanatha, Bhairava and Sun are in the prakara. Mother Durga, Brahmma, Lingodhbava, Dakshinamurthi and Nardana Vinayaka are goshta murthis. Lord Subramania appears standing with one leg on his peacock vahana. Ambika shrine is in the front mandapa facing south. 

There is an iron tent at the entrance of the temple. Lord Vinayaka temple is opposite of the street.  There is no flag post-Kodimaram but only Nandhi and Bali Peeta.  In the place of Flag Post, Vinayaka- Siddhi Vinayaka occupies the place. Sanctum Sanctorum is quite visible from this point. Curd rice and plain rice are offered as nivedhana to Lord. Of the Attaveerattana Sthalas of Lord Shiva, this is the fourth temple. Lord Shiva in the temple is a Swayambumurthy.

There is a special shrine for Sun God, hence no special Navagraha-nine planets shrine. This is the place where Lord destroyed Daksha and his yajna. Daksha is at the feet of Lord Dakshapureeswarar. Theertham of this Temple are Homa Kundam and Chandra pushkarani. Sthala Vriksham is Jack fruit tree.
Temple Opening Time
The temple is open from 6.00 a.m. to12.00 a.m. and from 5.00 p.m. to 7.00 p.m.
Festivals
Six times Abishekam is offered to Procession Deity Yaga Samharamurthi on Tamil New Year day in April-May, Aadi first day in July-August, Purattasi Chathurthi in September-October, Makara Sankranti falling almost on 14th January and Vaikasi Thiruvonam in May-June. Lord Shiva comes in procession on the last Karthikai Friday in November-December.
Sundays in the month of Karthikai (Scorpio) are considered sacred, and the festival images are taken around in procession. Other festivals celebrated here include Arudra Dharisanam, Aadi Pooram and Navarathri. 
Literary Mention
Lord of the temple is praised by Saint Tirugnanasambandar in his Thevaram hymns. This is the 41st Shiva temple on the southern bank of Cauvery praised in Thevaram hymns. The temple is praised in the hymns of saint Arunagirinathar. 
Tirugnanasambandar describes the feature of the deity as:
விளங்கொண் மலர்மே லயனோத வண்ணன்
துளங்கும் மனத்தார் தொழத்தழ லாய்நின்றான்
இளங்கொம் பனாளோ டிணைந்தும் பிணைந்தும்
விளங்குந் திருப்பறியல் வீரட்டத் தானே.
Prayers
Devotees pray for relief from the adverse aspects of the planets. Devotees perform abishek and aaradhanas to Lord and Mother.
Contact
Sri Veeratteswarar Temple,
Keel Parasalur, Tiru Parialur - 609 309,
Nagapattinam District
Phone: +91 - 4364- 205555,287 429
Mobile: +91 - 9943348035 / 9443785616
Connectivity
It is about 10 kms from Mayavaram on the road to Thirukkadaiyur turn right at the Sembanar koil turning in about 7 kms from Mayavaram in 3 kms after Sembanar koil crossing take a left turn Tiruppariyalur is slightly off the main road. This temple is located at about 3 Kms from another Shivasthalam Tiruchemponpalli on the Mayiladuthurai - Tarangambadi road route. Nearest Railway Station is located at Mayiladuthurai and Nearest Airport is located at Trichy. 

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