Tuesday, December 8, 2015

Thirukattalai, Pudukottai

Thirukattalai, Pudukottai
Thirukkattalai is 5 km Far East from Pudukottai. This is the only temple in Pudukottai which reminds us the ancient Chola's architectural pattern. The temple has a shrine and mandapam and around that are seven temples for angels. The temple's terrace has images of Dakshinamoorthy, Pitchadamoorthi, Varagan, Vishnu and Brahma.

The Siva temple is a good specimen of early Chozha architecture of the second half of the 9th century. This is a parivara complex type with sub-shrines around the main shrine. The inscriptions in the temple help us to understand the history of the temple.
Siva Temple (Early Chola Temple)
The Siva worshiped here as Sundaresvara & temple seen in the village is a good specimen of early Chozha architecture of the 9th century and is of special interest. The dating of this temple is based on an inscription taken as of in the reign of Adithya Chozha I (874 AD) relating land grants for the temple.

This place seems to have been an important pre historic centre. There are traces of pre historic burials and stone circles nearby.
Temple - Architecture
The Thirukkattalai temple is a typical structural temple of the parivara complex type with sub-shrines for the relevant divinities found abutting against the prakaram wall. The scheme is different from the freestanding scheme, as at Narttamalai that carries the original sculptures of the respective divinities inside them. This is perhaps one of the few extant examples of an early temple unit with Ashta parivara shrines, meaning, a temple around which are eight sub-shrines, standing intact.

The garbhagriham and ardhamandapam belong to the second half of the 9th century and are among the earliest structures in the district. The former is built of stone from basement to finial, and has a square vimanam. Below the stupi and Simhalalatam and in the tier below are two rows of niches, one above other; those on the south contain seated figures of Dakshinamoorthy and Bhikshatanamoorthi, those on the west figures Varaha and Vishnu and those on the north two figures of Brahma.
The corbels are fluted and above them is a line of vyalis. The niche in the southern wall contains an idol of Vinadhara Dakshinamoorthy, a rare and interesting specimen, that in the western wall a figure of Lingodbhava and that on the northern wall a figure of Brahma. The dvarapalakas have only two arms. 

The Amman shrine belongs to the late Chozha period. Round the central shrine are seven sub-shrines dedicated to Surya, the Saptamatrika, Ganesa, Subrahmanya, Jyesta, Chandra and Chandikesvara a feature peculiar to early Chozha temples. 
There are number of inscription. In some of the inscriptions the place is mentioned as Thirukkarrali meaning "the sacred stone temple" and also as Karkurichchi.

Thirukkattalai ('thi-ruk-kat-ta-lai') is about 15 kilometers from Pudukkottai town. Taxi service and Town bus services is available from Pudukkottai.


Mohammed said...

This is really nice. Thanks for sharing this informative article.

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Niheel said...

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